Daniel WhitbyA Treatise of the True Millennium:
Shewing that it is not a Reign of Persons Raised from the Dead,
But of the Church Flourishing Gloriously for a Thousand Years

After the Conversion of the Jews and the Flowing in of All Nations to them thus Converted to the Christian Faith

By Daniel Whitby


    Scaliger was pleased to say, Calvinus sapuit, quia mon scripsit in Apocalypsin, Calvin was wise because he did not write upon the Revelations. I confess, I do it not for want of Wisdom; that is, because I neither have sufficient Reading, nor Judgment, to discern the true Intendment of the Prophecies contained in that Book. But yet conceiving that I have either found out the true Sense of those Words, Rev. 20:4, which usually are alledged as the Foundation of the supposed Millennium, or Resurrection of the Martyrs to reign with Christ on Earth a thousand years; or at the least have said what is sufficient to shew it is not necessary to understand them in a proper sense; I have comprised my Sentiments of that Controversie in the ensuing Treatise; which I submit to the Judgment of the Reader.

The Introduction

Having employ'd some Thoughts upon the Mystery of the Conversion of the Jewish Nation, mention'd by St. Paul, Rom. 11, and comparing the glorious things he there says of it, with what the Prophets had foretold of the same thing in very high Expressions; I began to compare them with what was written in the Revelations concerning the New Jerusalem, the New Heavens, and New Earth, and the Bride of the Lamb made ready for a Marriage mith him; and finding that this Bride was thought, by the best Commentators, to be the Jewish Church and Nation, Represented formerly by our Saviour as not having on her Wedding Garment, Matth. 22:12, that the New Heavens and New Earth were the very Things promised to the Jews, that the New Jerusalem was described in the very words of the Prophets and Jewish Writers, speaking of that glorious State they expected towards the End of the World; I was strongly inclined to conceive this glorious Conversion which St. Paul saith, shall be even to the Gentile, 
ζωή ἐκ νεκρός, life from the dead, Rom. 11:15, and which is by the Prophts frequently represented as the ζωοποἰησις ἀνάζασις, i.e., the New Birth, Reviviscence, Resurrection of their Dead Church, and Nation by the Messiah; so that ό θάνατος οὐκ ἔσται ἔτι, Death should be no more, Rev. 21:4, might be the very Resurrection intended by St. John, and the flourishing Condition and Union both of the Jewish and the Gentile Church thus raised from the Dead, and so continuing in Peace and Plenty, with a great encrease of Knowledge, and of Righteousness, and a Return of the Primitive Purity of Doctrine, and of Manners, might be the Reign of the Saints, on Earth a thousand Years, which the Apostle mentions: This naturally led me to a Discourse of the Millennium; which being framed according to this new Hypothesis, I shall now offer it to the Consideration of the Learned, in the following Method.
    1. I shall state the true Millennium of the Ancients: shewing how far it was received, and by whom opposed in the four first Centuries, and what were the particular Opinions which then obtained concerning the Millennium; and how far the Modern Patrons of the Millemmary State have discarded the received Opinion of the Ancients who embrac'd that Doctfine.
    2. I shall shew what Reason I have to conceive that this Millennium is to begin with the Conversion of the Jewish Nation; and doth indeed relate to the most happy State and flourishing Condition the Church of Christ shall at that time enjoy.
    3. I shall attempt to answer all that hath been offer'd to prove a proper and literal Resurrection of the Martyrs, and other Christian Sufferers, and Saints to Reign on Earth a thousand years; consider the Pretences of them who place this Reign before the Conflagration of the World, as most of the Assertors of this Doctrine do; and of the Reverend Dr. Burnet, who makes it to begin after the Conflagration of the World. And,
    4. I shall offer some Arguments against this Doctrine of the Millennium, or of the literal Resurrection of the Saints and Martyrs, to Reign on Earth a thousand years.



    That the Doctrine of the Millennium was never generally received in the Church of Christ, is proved, I. From the Testimony of Justin Martyr and Irenus
. I. Of Eusebius, Origen and Stphanus Gobarus [Ed. note: Harvard Theol. Rev., vol. 16 (1923), pp. 205-234; Photius, Bibliotheca, 232], and the Distincion which then obtained betwixt the Allegorists and the Disciples of the Letter, . II. An Answer to the Pretended Tradition of Papias, mentioned by Irenus. III. The Millennium of the Ancients differed from that which is now asserted by the most judicious of the modern Millennaries in Five Particulars : (1st.) The Ancients generally held, That the Temple, or City of Jerusalem should be new built. (2dly.) That all the Just were then to rise, and not Martyrs only. (3dly.) That Jesus Christ should then Reign on Earth. (4thly.) That they should fare Deliciously, and enjoy Corporal Delights. (5thly.) That they should get Children; all which Things are denied by the Modern Millennaries, . IV. The Necessity of these Doctrines according to the Letter of the Scriptures cited for the Millennium, by those Ancients who espoused that Doctrine, . V. This Error of some of the Fathers, as to the Millennium, will not invalidate their Authority as to any thing delivered by them as Eye-Witnesses, or which they deliver as the Practice of the Church of Christ in their Days, . VI.

    THE Patrons of the Millennium do usually say, Their Doctrine was both generally received in the Three First Centuries, and was derived by Tradition from the Apostles; and that the first Man who oppos'd it was Dionysius of Alexandria. In opposition to this Pretence, I shall endeavour to make it appear,
    I. That this Opinion was never generally received in the Church of Christ.
    II. That there is no just Ground to think it was derived from the Apostles, but rather from a Mistake of the Words of the Author of the Apocalypse; or from the Notions of the Jews, and of the Sibyline Author. See L. 2, L. 3, L. 4.
    III. That the new Patrons of the Millennium differ in many Things of Moment from the Ancient Assertors of it, and have indeed scarce any Suffrage of Antiquity for that Millennium which they do so stifly maintain. And,
    . I. That this Opinion was never generally received in the Church of Christ, appears sufficiently from the Confessions and very Words of the two first Assertors of it, whose Writings are still extant, viz. Justin Martyr and Irenus. I begin with Irenus, because his Words will justifie the ancient Reading of the Words of Justin Martyr, against the Criticism upon them, or rather the Corruption of them by (a) Mr. Mead and (b) Mr. DailleIrenus therefore speaks thus, (c) I am not ignorant that some among us, who believe in divers Nations, and by various Works, and who believing do consent mith the Just, do yet endeavour, transferre hc (Gr. 

(a) P. 533, 534.
(b) De Pnis & Satisf. Human. 1.5, c. 7.
(c) B. 5. c. 35.


to turn these things into Metaphors, or to carry them from their proper to an improper Sense, as Metaphors are wont to do: That this is his meaning is evident from these Words following, But if some have attempted to allegorize these things, they have not been found in all things consistent with themselves, and may be convinced from the Words themselves. Again he complains, That (d) the Sentiments of some were carried away by the Disscourses of the Hereticks; so that they were ignorant of the Appointments of God, and the Mystery of the Resurrection of the Just, and the Kingdom. Here then we may evidently discern Three Sorts of Men, 1. The Hercticks denying the Resurrection of the Flesh, and the Millennium. 2dly. The exactly Orthodox asserting both the Resurrection and the Kingdom of Christ upon Earth. 3dly. The Believers who consented with the Just, and yet endeavoured to allegorize, and turn into Metaphor all those Scriptures he had produced for a proper Reign of Christ, and who had Sentiments rather agreeing with those Hereticks who denied, than those exactly Orthodox, who maintain'd this Reign of Christ on Earth. Now these being almost a Translation of the Words of (e) Justin Martyr they vindicate the Reading of all the Manuscript Copies of that Writer, and exclude the bold Criticism of Daille and Mr. Mead
[Ed. note: The Anti-Millenarian Eusebius would most certainly have utilized such an important statement from Justin if, in fact, his MSS (Hist. Eccl. 4:18:6-8) read as Mr. Whitby imagines. However, comp. Trollope, Justini, vol. 2, pp. 18,19,20,21,22; esp. p.19, note 12] (f) Tell me truly, says Trypho, Do you (Christians) indeed confess that Jerusalem shall be built again, and that your People shall be gathered together (there,) and rejoyce with Christ, together with the Patriarchs, and Prophets, and those of our Nation, or those who are made Proselytes before the coming of your Christ, or before you expect your Christ shall come (to Judgment?) Or do you only confess this, that thou mayst seem to overcome us in Questions?
    Here you see that Justin Martyr did before ταῦτα όμολογἔἰν, confess these things, as he doth plainly, p. 243. were Trypho having put the Question thus, What? Do you say that none of us shall have any Inheritance in the Holy Mount of God? Justin Martyr replies. I say not so, but that the Gentiles who repent, and believe in Christ, shall inherit (it) with all the Patriarchs, and Prophets, and the Just which proceed from Jacob; and therefore he here answers thus (g) I have before confessed that I and many others are of this Mind, that these things shall happen. But then again I have intimated to you, That many Christians of a pure and pious Judgment, do not own this; (I speak of Christians with a pure and pious Judgment,) for as for those who are called Christians, but indeed are Atheists, and ungodly, and Hereticks, I have told you already, that they teach things wholly blasphemous, atheistical, and absurd, (and therefore are not to come into the Account of Christians.) If therefore you have met with some of them who blaspheme the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and deny the Resurrection of the Dead, that confess not this, you are not to esteem them Christians, (or to take an estimate of the Doctrines of the Christians from them.) They indeed deny the Resurrection of the Flesh and the Millennium, (h) But I and all Christians who are exatily and in all things Orthodox, know there will be a Resurrection of the Flesh, and a Millennium in Jerusalem built, adorned, and enlarged. Here then, as in Irenus, is a plain distinction of three sorts of Men, 1. Of Hereticks, that were
[GREEK], entirely Blasphemers of the God of Israel, and Denyers of the Resurrection of the Flesh, and consequently of the Miilennium which supposed this Resurrection. 2dly. Of Christians who were [GREEK], in all thing Orthodox, who owned both the Resurrction of the Flesh, and the Millennium; and Justin Martyr being of this Opinion, and declaring here that he thought it a Doctrine delivered by God, it could not be expected that he should affirm of them that held it not, that they were of a right Opinion in all things. 3dly. Of many Christians of a pure and pious judgment, who did not own this Millennium.
    Objec. But where, saith Mr. Daille, had he made mention before of any such faith? I answer with another Question, Where had he made mention before of the many who confessed the Millennium, as he here saith he had? Mr. Daille should have considered that Justin's

(d) [LATIN] Irenus, B. 5. c. 32. p. 495.
(e) [LATIN] C. 31.
(f) [GREEK] Justin, Dial. cum Tryph. p. 306. [Ch. 80]
(g) [GREEK] p. 306. [Ibid.]
(h) [GREEK] P. 307. [Ibid.]


Memory could not serve him to write down all he had discoursed with Trypho, or that he might not think that part of his Discourse necessary to be afterwards committed unto Writing; and then this Objection would not have seem'd of force sufficient to have authoriz’d him to change Justin’s words, without any consent of Copies, into the direct contradictory words, and for Christians  ϒ χαϑαράς γνωμης of a pure Judgment, to read Christians 
μη ϒ χαϑαράς γνωμης of an impure Judgment, since such bold Criticisms will evacuate both the Sense and Force of any Testimony.

    . II. 2dly. This is still farther evident from the Ancient Writers of the Church, who plainly tell us, that this was a particular Opinion of some Doctors of the Church, and never was received by all. It had its Rise, saith Eusebius, from Papias, a Man of slender judgment; (i) But the Antiquity of the Man prevailed with many of the Ecclesiasticks to be of that Opinion, particularly mith Irenus, and if there mere any other of the same judgment with him. Now he that confesseth that most of the Ecclesiasticks were of that Opinion, plainly denies that all were of it. He that particularly speaks of Irenus, adding if there were any other of the same judgment, seems to intimate they were not many. Origen, in his Philocalia [c. 26, p. 99.] saith, they were only Tivic, some that held this Doctrine, and that so clancularly that it had not yet come to the Ears of the Heathens; and in his Prolegomena to the Canticles [f.69.B.] that they were only Simpliciores quidam some of the simpler sort of Christians. Besides, of all the Fathers of the Christian Church, none hath spoken more severely, and more contemptibly of that Doctrine than Origen, who represents it as a wicked Docirine, a Reproach to Christianity; the Heathens, saith he, having better Sentiments than these. He therefore being then the great Doctor of the Church, and continuing in great Authority amongst all Church-men for above an hundred years; his Scholars being also the most celebrated Doctors of that Age, and one of them, viz., Dionysius Alexandrinus, undertaking to confute this Doctrine; and his Philocalia, where we find these severe Sayings, being a Collection of the two great Lights of the Fourth Century, St. Basil and Gregory the Divine; it cannot be doubted but this Opinion then lost ground daily, and was generally decry’d by the Learned of those Centuries. In a word, (k) Stphanus Gobarus, in his Account of Opinions in which the Fathers differed from each other, reckons this as the tenth, That the just shall rise first, and live deliciously a thousand years, eating, drinking, and getting Children; and that there should be no precedence in the Resurrection, no Millennay Delights, no Marriage then.
    3dly. This will be more evident if it be consider'd, that as the Doctors of the Church were then of different Opinions, so were they then distinguish’d by different Names, as they who denied the Millennium, saith Irenaus, attempted to allegorize the places produced by others for it, so had they upon that account the Name of Allegorists, and therefore Nepos, a Man, saith Eusebius, from Dionysius of Alexandria, otherwise Orthodox, but a Writer for the Millennium, stiled his Book, r 73, Aysv, or a Refutation of the Allegorists. H. Eccl. 7. c. 24.
    Accordingly in (l) Origen, they who deny the Millennium, are of TeoTAoys.?cc. T Trgo- q?, they who interpret the Saying of the Prophets by a Trope, and they who assert it, are stiled Solius literae discipuli, Disciples of the Let- ter of the Scripture only; the first, saith he, as- sert Horum vin figuraliter intelligi debere, the Passages which they produce from Scripture ught to be figuratively understood; the other, saith he, understand the Scripture Judaico sensu, after the manner of the Jews. (m) Epiphasiiu; speaking of the Millennium asserted by Apollinaris, saith, There is indeed a Millennium mentioned by St. John, but the most, and those pious Men, look upon those Words as true indeed, but to be taken in a Spiritual Sense.
    And here it may deserve to be observed by the by, that the Primitive Fathers derived almost all their considerable Errors from the Jews, viz. That Angels had to do with Wo- men, and begat Giants of them, That the World was to end soon after the coming of the Messiah, That Elias was in Person to usher in his second Advent, &c. S. III. 2dly. As for the pretended Traditi- on from the Apostle John touching this Do- trine, it is only mentioned by Iranicus, as re- ceived from Papias, and the Words in which it is delivered are sufficient to demonstrate the incredibility,and the apparent folly of it: For these Elders pretend to have heard from St. John,

(i) [GREEK] Euseb. Hist, Eccl. B. 3. c. 39.
(k) Apud Photium Cod. 232. p. 894.
(l) I?e dy, 1, 2., c. 12, f. 135. B. Col. i., B. c.
(m) Ty J B9y vajzzov*; of Taegoi vX39 & de #" rvivu, a??r si?; 7: 4 v 74,427.4% $2%la Agu?voyts, danii & cyrw, y B?tn J awnvius?... 7,774%gary. Har. 77. 16. P. 1931.


these Romantick Words, (o) "The days shall come in which there shall be Vines which shall severally have ten thousand Branches, and every of these Branches shall have ten thousand lesser Branches, and every of these Branches shall have ten thousand Twigs, and every one of these Twigs shall have ten thousand clusters of Grapes, and in every one of these clusters shall be ten thousand Grapes, and every one of these Grapes, being pressed, shall give twenty five Metretas, (that is, according to the mildest computation, 275 Gallons) of Wine; and when one shall take hold of one of these sacred Bunches, another shall cry out, I am a better Bunch, take me, and by me bless the Lord ; to omit: what he says from the same Tradition of every Grain of Wheat, and of Apples, Seeds and Herbs. Now can any Man be so wholly bereft of sense, as to imagine this stuff could ever come out of the Mouth of an Apostle? No certainly, he had it only from the converted Jews, in whose Writings, some Learned Persons have informed me, the words cited by Irenus from Papias, are yet to be found. As for Papias the only Voucher of this Tradition, Eusebius informs us, he was a Man of a very slender judgment, as the Story cited by Irenus from the Fourth Book of his Discourse may abundantly convince us, there being scarcely any things in the most infamous of Romish Legends, more fabulous than, as Eusebius truly saith, his traditional Relations were. . IV. 3dly. That the new Patrons of the Millennium differ in many things of moment from the Ancients, and have indeed scarce any Suffrage of Antiquity for that Millennium they maintain, will be apparent from a just representation of the Millennium of the Ancients : For, 1. The Ancient Millennaries generally held, that the Temple or the City of Jerusalem should be rebuilt, and that the Land of Judaea should be the habitation of those who were to reign on Earth a thousand years. So Justin Martyr [Dial. cum Tryph. p. 243. c.] tells the Jews, that the believing Gentiles should then dwell 'E' T3 ≥ T &% in the boly Mount, and that they should then acknowledge him [p.259.c..] EWT3 &UT&T T Ty'Ic6000Muay, in the same place of Jerusalem where they had crucified him: He confesses also to Trypho, [p. 306. B. 307. B.T. &voizo&pan.Shrow r Titty legaca, that the place of Jerusalem should be built, and that the Saints should spenda thousand years in Jerusalem, built, adorned and augmented, and that all Christians entirely Or- thodox knew this would be so; and therefore they all, saith he, [p. 312. B.] expected r Xgisty ea. Itggu q xvi?atcx, Christ to ap- pear in Jerusalem. (p) In the times of that Kingdom. Jerusalem shall be built, saith Irenus, and the Jews shall be restored to the Land he gave to their Fathers. (q) He, (i. e. Christ) shall build the holy City, saith Lacantius, and there shall be the Reign of the Just for a thousand years. St. Barnaby is very positive, (r) that the very Temple which was destroyed by their Enemies shall be rebuilt gloriously. They feign to themselves, faith Origen, (s) that the Terrestrial Jerusalem shall be rebuilt with precious Stones, and that the Aliens shall be their Servants to rebuild it. (t) Hence Dionysius of Alexandria in his Book writ against them, derides their Golden Jerusalem upon Earth, adorned with Jewels, and the restoration of the Temple. Whereas scarce any of our new Millennaries dare assert that this shall be the place of the Habitation of the raised Saints, and one of them makes the whole Earth to become a Paradise for the Reception of them. - 2dly. They held this Resurrection was not to be confined to the Martyrs only, but that all the Just were then to rise, and Reign with Christ; this Justin Martyr confesses touching all Christian People, all the believing Gentiles, and the Just Progeny of jacob in the forecited places. Irenus frequently declares of the Just in general, that they shall arise to inherit the Promises. (u) Tertullian affirms, that some shall rise sooner, and some later, but that all the Just shall rise within the time of the Millennium. This Millennium, saith Lactantius, (x) belongs to all the just which ever

(o) &gemadmodum Presbyteri meminerunt, qui 30amnem Discipulum Domini viderunt, audisse de eo, quem- admosum de temporibus ill docebat Dominus & dicebar, veniet dies in quibus vineae nascentur singulae decem milia palmitum habentes, & in uno palmite dena milia brachiorum, & in uno vero palmite dena milliafiagel- io, um, & in tnequoq; fagello dena millia borruum, & in unoquoq; botru dena millia acimorum, & unumquod; acantm expressim dabit vignti quinq; met retas viru, & cum eorum apprehenderit aliquis Sanctorum botrum, alius clamabit botrus, ego melior sum, ne sume, per me Dominum benedic. L. 5. c. 33.
(p) Resiituet illos in terram issorum quam dedit patribus ipsorum, Iren 1. 5. c. 34. & c. 35. Sed in Regni temporibus Revocata (l, renovata) terra a Chrsio & readificata Hierusalem.
(q) In terra cum his ipse regnabit, 3 conder sanciam civitatem, & erit Regnum justorum mille annis, Epit. S. 1 1. p 758.
(r) Kai dulci oi x3Far Jasptu voixcat 20137. S. 16.
(s) Tite, pv, 1 1. c. 12.
(t) Adversus Iren.cum Dionysius Ecclesi Alexandrinae Pontifex elegantem scribit librum, irridens mille amnorum fabulam, & auream atq; gemmatam in terris Hierusalem instaurationem Templi, &c. Hieron, prfat. in lib. 18. Com. in Isaiam.
(u) l. 3. contr. Mar. c. ult. verba, vide infra.
(x) Verum ille cum deleverit insuffutiam, acjuslot qui 3 principio fuerint ad vitam restauraverit, mille anno inter homines versabutur, east; justiffimo imperior get. Lib. 7. c. 14, p. 722


were from the beginning of the World. Whereas the Millennaries of this Age do generally with Dr. Burnet (x) say, the first Resurreion, and the Reign of Christ seem to be appropriated to the Martyrs, Rev. 20. 4. Moreover,the Ancients extend this Reign on Earth, not only to the Dead, but to the Just also who shall be then alive at this first Resurrection; this being a necessary consequent of the former Doctrine, that this Millennium belongs to all the Just. Thus Irenus, amongst those who are to enjoy the Millennium, reckons (y) those whom the Lord shall find in the flesh expeding him from Heaven, who having suffered Tribulation, did nevertheless escape the bands of the Wicked. (z) Then they that are found living shall not die, saith Lactantius: Whereas 'tis inconsistent with the Hypothesis of Dr. Burnet, that any of the Just should be then living, since this Millennium only begins after the Conflagration of the World, and the burning of all things that are in it. 3dly. The Ancients generally consent in this, that Jesus Christ shall then come down from Heaven, and be seen on Earth, and Reign there with his Servants. Papias, the first Assertor of this Doctrine, declares that (a) it shall be a Reign of Christ bodily upon Earth. Justin Martyr tells the Jews that they should then see him whom they had pierced, and this in that very place of Jerusalem where they had crucified him, that both they and Christians should then be gathered together, and rejoyce with him. Victorinus saith, (b) this is that true Sabbath in quo Christus cum electis suis regnaturus est, in which Christ is to Reign with his Elect; and Lactantius saith expresly, That Mille annos inter homines versabitur, he shall be conversant with Men a thousand years. (c) Irenus seems not so clear as to this matter; yet he declares the Just shall Reign on Earth encreasing by the Vision of Christ; for saith he, Christ will be every where seen as Men are worthy to see him: That which seems most expresly in him to relate to this Affair, is this, that discoursing of our Lord's Promise to drink new Wine with his Disciples in the Kingdom of Heaven, he declares, (d) This cannot be done by him whilst he remains in those Clestial Regions. But Nepos was express in this, That (e) after this Resurrection the Kingdom of Christ was to be on Earth a thousand years, and the Saints were to Reign with him in Pleasures, or faring deliciously there; and therefore Dionysius saith of him; and the Brethren that magnified his Book, That (f) they had no sublime or magnificent Thoughts of the Glorious and Divine Advent of our Lord, or of our Resurrection, and our gathering together, and assimilation to Christ, but hoped then for little and mortal things, and such as Men now hope for in the Kingdom of God. - 4thly. They all declare they shall then fare deliciously, and shall enjoy the richest Wines, and most delicious Fruits, build Houses, plant Vineyards, and eat the Fruits of them : Thus Justin Martyr (g) understands those words of Isaiah (c. Isa. 65:21.) of the Millennium, viz. they shall build Houses, and inhabit them, and they shall plant Vineyards, and eat the Fruit of them. And Irenus saith, (h) They shall have a Table prepared for them by God, who shall feed them with Dainties; adding, that the Promises he had cited, Creatur epulationem significant, do signifie the Banquets they should have upon the Creature: Hence doth he tell us of the prodigious Clusters of Grapes, and Ears of Corn, the Vines and the Earth shall then bring forth. (i) The Earth, saith Lactantius, shall open its fertility, and of its own accord produce Fruits plentifully, the Rocks of the Mountains shall sweat with Honey, Wines shall run down with Streams, and the Rivers flow with Milk. Of this Opinion doubtless was Tertullian in his Book De spe fidelium: And Nepos, who promised, saith Dionysius of Alexandria, a thousand years of corporal Delights on Earth. Accordingly Gennadius saith, (k) In

(x) B. 4. ch. 4. p. 151, 152.
(y) Et illos quos Dominus in carne invenier expectantes eam de calis, & perpe?os tribulationem, qui & effii- gerint iniqui manus. Lib. 3. c. 35.
(z) Tun quierunt in corport but vivinon morientur, fed per eo?dem mille annos infinitam multitudinem gene- rabunt, & erit Soboles eorum Sancia. Lib. 7 c. 24. p. 722. r - - * - I - - †- • rv
(a) XAudi, my ong easy #&#3& wild v cz waxfr divisway owzamks s Xews: gaaixe?a; &m raving fx tmoxhovurn, Apud Eu?eb. 1. 2. c 39. p 1 2. c.
(b) De fabrica Mundi apud D. Koci. Cave, p. 1 of. Epit, p. 722.
(c) In quaregnabunt u?ti in terra cre?centes ex vi?ione Domini, c 35. IIaw raz 72 Satie &#viru Kgs dvol Haww.ru oi Spvrs. c. 36.
(d) Neq; autem ?ulfilm in?uper cale?ti loco con?titutus cum ?uis pote?t intelligi bibens vitis generationem,
(e) Xix, lg Tweis; sewanzi; &n 3 ≠ Ta?ms t n&#19. Eu?eb. *
(f) 'Ov'? jy 3 us;aaior peiv, 87 7tel &J, zlis 38 xvels a?? &#12ave as, r 3 justiez, & vexpv dragas, 9 is aej evicr avvayn Aot-tw, # 1.5. c. 33. Hi?t. Eccl. 1.7. c. 14. hu?eb. Hi?t. Eccl. 1. 7. c. 24, p.271.
(g) Dial. cum Typh. p. 308.
(h) Hec junt in regni temportbus, hoc e?t in ?eptima die, quee? verum ju?torum Sabbatum,in qu non fa- cient amne terrenum opus ?ed adjacentem habebint paratam men?am a Deo Pa?centen eg Pulis omnibus, l. 5: c. 33. 'Ev 7: Xiaoyraee'? f ovazv weruxgu?&votay i?law. Apollinaris apud Epiph Haer. 77. p. 1931.
(i) Chap. 34. Terra vero aperiet fecunditatem ?uam, 3 uberrima, frug fu, ?ponte generabit, Rups: montium milie ?uitunt, per rivas vina decurrent, 3 flumina lacit inundabunt, h 7, c. 34.


Accordingly Gennadius saith, (k) In the Divine Promises we believe nothing concerning Meat and Drink as Irenus, Tertullian, and Lactantius teach from their Author Papias, nor of the Reign of a thousand years with Christ on Earth after the Resurrection, and the Saints reigning deliciously with him, as Nepos taught. St. Austin therefore saith of this Opinion, (l) That it might be tolerable if thy mentioned any Spiritual Delights which the Saints might enjoy by Christ's Presence; but since they affirm, that they who then rise shall enjoy carnal and immoderate Banquets of Meat and Drink without Modesty, these things can only be believed by carnal Men. And because all this Plenty could not be procured and enjoyed, these Houses could not be built, nor these Vineyards planted, nor this Wine brought into the Fat, nor this Corn into the Barn, thresh'd, ground, and made fit for these new raised Inhabitants, without hands: The Ancients have made Provision for this also, telling us, That they shall be (m) [GREEK] such as lord it upon Earth; and therefore (n) Ireneus saith that which, was spoken to jacob, The Nations shall serve, and Princes shall bow down to thee, Gen. 27:27-28, Ad tempora Regnsine contradictione pertimet, quando regnabunt Justi surgentes mortuis, without all contradiction belongs to this Millennary Kingdom. (o) The Nations shall not utterly be destroyed, saith Lactantius, but some of them shall be left to be triumphed over by the Just, and subjecied to perpetual Slavery. (p) They think, saith Origen, that Aliens shall be given them to be Ministers of their Delights, who shall either serve at the Plow, or be their Masons and Carpenters to build up their fallen City, and they suppose they shall have of their Provisions to eat, and have Dominion over their Riches, so thit they shall come and offer to them Gold, and Frankincense, and precious Stones. Dr. Burnet must either produce these servile Nations, as he hath done Gog or Magog, out of the Mud, or his Opinion must fall into it, unless he hopes to avoid this, by saying, that in this State it will be part of their Diversion and Entertainment to learn Mechanicks, p. 213.
    And because Men can hardly do this whole business without Beasts, the Ancients have made Provisions of them also, subjecting to them not only Sheep, and Goats, and Oxen or Bulls, but Wolves, and Bears, and Leopards, and Lions, which (q) with all other Animals, saith Irenus, shall be then subject to Man. And that the Doctor may not be at a loss for the production of these Beasts, (r) Stephanus cobarus informs him the Doctrine of the Ancients was this, That the Just should rise first, Kdody &Jo?; Twto. To (6 x, and all those living Creatures with them. Now the New Millennaries as they say little of these Slaves, and these Brute Beasts, who are so necessary for the enjoyment of the universal Plenty, and the Goods of Fortune prepared in this State, so are they shie of owning Futuras corporis voluptates & luxurias, such Luxuries and Bodily Pleasures, as Origen saith, (s) the Millennaries of his time did expect.
    For, 5thly. In their Millennium they were not only to Feast and Junket it, but also to get Children. (t) The Virgins, saith Irenus, shall rejoice in the Assemblies of the Young Men, and they that are left shall be multiplied upon Earth: Accordingly he speaks of some Believers whom God had prepared to multiply those who were left upon the Earth to be under the Kingdom of the Saints, and Minister to this Jerusalem. They shall beget an infinite multitude, saith Lactantius, (u) and their Seed shall be holy: To their other Luxuries, saith Origen, (w) they add, Nuptiarum conventiones, & filiorum procreationes etiam post resurrectionem futuras, the Solemnities of Marriage, and the Procreation of Children even after the Resurrection: And again, (x). They think, saith he, that after the Resurrection, we shall eat, and drink corporeal

(k) Non quod ad cilium ve'ad potum pertnet ?icut, Papia Authore, Ireneus, Tertullianus, & Laantius acquie?cunt, neq; po?t (I. per) mille annos po?t resurreionem Regnum Christi in terra futurum, & ?anaos cum al?o in delicit: regnaturos ?peramus, ?icut Nepos docuit, qui primam ju?!orum re?urrectionem, & ?ecundam im: piorum, confixir. Eccl. dogmat. c. 55.
(l) Sed cum eos ut tune re?urrexerint dicunt immoderati?. /imis carnalibus epulis vacaturos, in quibus cibus ?it tantus & potus it mon ?olum nullam mode?iram temeant, ?ed modum qx0%; ip?ius incresulitatis excedant, mullo modo i?la po??unt, mi?ide carnalibus, credi. De C. D. l.20.c.7.
(m) Barnab. S. 6.
(n) Lib. 5. c. 33.
(o) Gente, ?ero non extinginentur omnino, ?ed quidam relinquentur in vicioriam Dei ut triumphemtur & yffs. & ut ?ftgentur perpetua ?ervituti. Lat. 1.7, c. 14. vide Epit S. 1 1.
(p) Quinetiam mini?t;0; deliciarum harum dandos ?ibi allengenas putane, quot vel Aratores habeant, vel ?tructores parieturn a quibus dirut a p?orum & collap?a cavitas extruatir, & arbitrantur quod facultate; eorum accipiant ad edendum, & in divitiis corum dominentur ut veniant afferant fibi aurum, & thus, (3 lapides pretio?o?. Ilse v, l. 2. c. 12.
(q) Oportet ?ubjecia e??e omnia animalia homini. l. 5. c. 33.
(r) Apd Photium Cod. 232. p. 894.
(s) Tei Atp 1 2. c. 12, p. 135. B.
(t) I?i ? t d pubus ait Propheta, & derelii multiplicabuntur in terra, & quot quot ex credentibus 4d hoc preparavit Deus ad derelicios multiplicandos in terra ?ub regno ?anciorum fieri & mini?trari huac feru?a- (em. l. 5. c. 35.
(u) &ui reman?erint multiplicabuntur Juper terram. l. 5. c. 34.
(w) I?sel Av. J. a. . 12.
(x) Oc7w rd zei zaar jyu?ka & 3rd fr 70,2%, mvais &n ? fin?, 3 'el avraja, * & t xp, JP 3: axi r 7 regž Jvatr r axvou zg wn 3 & 43rdia at # … svo, "A?evi?ions. Com, in Matth, ed. Huet, p. 438. E.


Meats, and shall use those conjugal Duties by which our Prayers are hindred, and which cannot be performed without some impurity: And a third time (x) they believe, That after the Resurrection we shall, according to the Chief Promises of the Gospel, eat, and drink, and as some of them say, beget Children; these things, saith he, should they come to the Ears of Heathens, would lay a great imputation of Folly upon Christianity, since many Heathens have better Opinions than these are: So much are they mistaken who reckon Origen among the Patrons of the Millennium. Stephanus Gobarus gives us the Opinion of the Millennaries in these Words, (y) The Just shall rise first, and for a thousand years shall fare deliciously, eating, and drinking, and getting Children, and after this shall be the general Resurrection. Methodius is the only Person who (z) denies they shall be thus employ'd after the Resurrection; and with him doubtless all our Modern Millennaries do agree, as knowing this unworthy to be the matter of a Gospel Promise.

. V. Moreover, if we consider the Scriptures on which the Ancients grounded this Millennium, we shall perceive it necessary that all these Doctrines should be maintained by them. For,
    1. That the Temple, or city of Jerusalem should be new built, and that the Land of judaea should be the Habitation of those who are to enjoy this New Heaven, and Earth, can never reasonably be denied by those who interpret the Sayings of the Prophets literally, since they so plainly, and so fully speak of a Mount Zion to be established upon the top of the Mountains, Isa. 2:2; 27:13; 56:7. and of God’s Promises to beautifie the place of his Sanctuary, the House of his Glory, and to make the place of his Feet glorious, Is. 66:7, 13. And of all Nations flowing in to her, and being gathered to her, and of all Nations and Tongues coming to see her Glory, Isa. 60:5; 66:18, when God had brought them again into their own Land.
    2dly. That this Resurrection must belong to all faithful Christians, and that they must all Reign with Christ on Earth, will follow from the literal interpretation of those words of St. John (a) Thou has redeemed us to God by thy Blood out of every Kindred and Tongue, and People, and Nation, and has made us to be Kings, and Priests to God, and we shall Reign on Earth, Rev. 5:9-10. For, according to the import of these words, if, as Dr. Burnet saith, they belong to the first Resurrection, all that have been redeemed by the Blood of Christ, must Reign on Earth. This follows also from those words, I saw the Souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the Word of God, and (of them) which had not worshipped the Beast, nor his Image, and which had not received his mark upon their Foreheads, nor upon their Hands, and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years, Rev. 20:4, for, they who worshipped not the Beast, are all they whose Names were written in the Book of Life, Rev. 13:8; 17:8. This follows from St. Peter's New Heaven, and New Earth, if truly interpreted by Dr. Burnet of this Resurrection; for these, saith he, we Christians do expect, and therefore are concerned to be found of him without spot, and blameless, 2 Pet. 3:13-14. This allows from the words of St. Paul, if they belong to the Millennium, as he saith they do, for they introduce the whole Creation groaning to be delivered from the Bondage of Corruption into the glorious liberty of the Sons of God, and all that had the first Fruits of the Spirit, groaning for the Adoption, i. e. for the Redemption of their Bodies from Corruption, Rom. 8:16, 23.
    3dly. They must bring Christ from Heaven to Reign on Earth, who contend that this Reign is the very time of the restitution of all things, A&s 3.21. for the Heavens are on- ly to contain him till that time, and who in- fer this Reign of Christ from those Words, They that have part in the first Resurreion, shall be Priests of God, and of Christ, and shall Reign with him a thousand years; for if they Reign on Earth without him, they do not Reign there with him. Moreover, if he continue still at the right hand of God, with what propriety is this Resurre&tion called, h T&gofy, the Presence, the appearance of our Lord, and that from Heaven?
    4thly. That in this Millennium they must fare deliciously, drink precious Wines, and have those splendid Banquetings of which the Fathers often speak, must follow from the application

(x) [GREEK] Philocal. cap. 26. p. 99.

(y) [GREEK] Apud Phot. Cod. 232 p. 894.
(z) ** 8,414.331", i. 21&2 yns dr, an agaz katsu 2, 18; 31.4%aerias, xn Tesrt-tires, 3 'Ayis agrzws v 2: Safa', t dex weftovws. Apud Epiph. *** ** 73 #Tit Xel astuzzyws Taysstivat 'Iwdrns, Ju?t. M.
Haer. 64. S. 32..


application of all those Passages to this State, which say, The Meek shall inherit the Earth, that they shall drink new Wine with Christ in his Kingdom, that they shall receive (b) an hundred fold increase of Goods and Lands, that there shall be then a recompence of their Alms given, and their Feasts made for the Poor; and all from the Prophets say of the fruitfulness of the Earth, and of the temporal Blessings they shall then enjoy. 5thly. That the Nations shall then serve them, and even build up jerusalem for them, cannot be denied by them who literally in- terpret those Words of the Prophets, The Sons of Strangers shall build up thy Walls, and their Kings %; minister to thee : The Sons also of them that afflitted thee, shall come bend- ing unto thee, and they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy Feet: And the Nation and Kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish, Isaiah 60. 19, 12, 13. And Strangers shall stand and feed your Flocks, and the Sons of the Alien shall be your Plow- men, and your Vine-dressers 5 ye shall eat the Riches of the Gentiles, and in their Glory shall you boast your selves, ch. 61. 5. See also ch. 49. 22, 23. And, 6thly. That they shall have Wives and Children, and as Irenus saith, shall be multi- plied upon the Earth,must follow from the lite- ral Exposition of our Saviour's. Promise, That they who have lost, or forsaken Wife, or children for his sake, shall receive an hun- dred fold; for Childrm cannot lawfully be begotten without Wives, and the use of the Marriage-bed: And lastly, whereas the Mil- lennium of the Reverend Dr. Burnet is to be- gin after the Conflagration of the World, that of the Ancients is still placed before it; We exped it, saith justin Martyr, () before Christ's coming to judgment. (d) After this, faith Tertullian, shall be the destrucion of the World, and the Conflagration at the day of judg- ment, and we shall be changed in a moment into an Angelical Substance, (e) God shall after this Reign on Earth a thousand years, renew the World, saith Latantius. It therefore deserves to be admired, that learned Men with so much confidence, make use of these Testimonies of Scriptures, and these Authorities of the Fathers, to establish their Millennium, and yet so stifly should de- ny the Consequences which flow so naturally from those Scriptures, and reject what these Ancients so generally delivered as a part of that Doctrine. But to insist no longer on these things, hence I suppose it evident, First, That the Doctrine of the Millennium was not the general Doctrine of the Primi- tive Church from the times of the Apostle to the Nicene Council, as Dr. Burnet hath as serted; for then it could have made no Schisms in the Church, as (f) Dionysius of Alexandria faith it did, declaring how fully he confuted it, and reconciled the Brethren that were contending about it, and prevailed upon Coracius the Author, and Ring-leader of this Doctrine, to own he was convinced of his Error, and promise he would no more embrace, or discourse of it to the People. 2dly. That the old Doctrine of the Mil- lennium differed in many material Points from that which is asserted by the new Pa- trons of it. S. VI. If any Man think it not safe to discover so much of the Nakedness of the Fathers as I have done in this Chapter, I Am- swer: ... First, That I think it more safe than to let it be confidently said and believed, that they were all Millennaries from the first to the fourth Century, seeing that shakes the Foundation of Episcopacy, and the Transla: tion of the Sabbath to the Lord's Day, and other Constitutions derived from the Apostles. 2dly. I answer, That this mistake of the Fathers in a matter which they received from the Traditions, and Notions of the jew, will not invalidate their Authority in any thing delivered by them as witnesses of what they saw with their own Eyes, or declared to have been then the Pracice of the Church of Christ, nor will it affect their Testimony in any other Doctrine which they neither did *: could receive, only on the Authori- ty of the ‘femish Doslors. y jewish CHAP. (b) Quae enim sunt in hoc seculocentupla, & prandia exhibita, & coenz quxe redduntur pauperibus, haciunt in Regnitemporibus. Iren. 1.5., c. 33. (c) IIey A3v . Judy Xerr westdrs. Dial. p. 396. - rd) Haecest Ratio Regniterrenipost cujus mille Annos intra quam actatem includitur sanctorum Resurreio pro meritismaturius vel tardius resurgentium, tunc & mundi destructione, & judicii conflagratione commissa, demutati in atomo in Angelicam substantiam,scilicet per illudincorruptelae super indumentum transferrenturin c- leste Regnum. Contr., Marcion, l. 3. c. tilt. (e) Post hac renovabit Deus mundum, & transformabit justos in figuram Angelorum ut immortalitatis west: donatiserviant Deo in sempiternum; Epit. c. .p. 732. * (f) B.A. ch. 3. p. 173. ‘as 9xicag. 3 &nraia: saw inward, jira. Euseb.17, c. 24.



    How far I differ from the Ancient and Modern Millennaries, and in what I agree with them, S. I. The Proposition that the true Millennium is only a Reign of the Converted jews, and of the Gentiles flowing in to them, Ibid. Where it is noted, I. That all Spiritual Blessings have been still conveyed from the jews to other Nations. 2. That there will be a glorious Conversion of the Jews to the Christian Faith, S. II. That the Description of this Conversion of the jews made by their own Prophets and Writers, answers fully to the Millennium of St. John, which he speaks of in the very words of the said Prophets, S. III. The Chara?iers which the Patrons of the Millennium give of those Times accord exacily with the Charaders given by the Prophets of the Conversion of the jews, S. IV. The Prophets seem to intimate that this Conversion shall be effeded by a full influence of the Holy Ghos; upon them. S. V. , All the Passages cited to this Effed from the jewish Writers speak only of the Millennium, the Resurreion, the New Heavens and Earth belonging to the jewish Nation, S. VI. Aving thus given you a just Ac- count of the AMillennium of the Ancients, and of the true extent of that Opinion in the Primitive Ages of the Church; I proceed now to shew in what things I agree with the Assertors of that Doctrine, and how far I find my self con- strained by the force of Truth to differ from them. S. I. I believe then, That after the Fall of Antichrift there shall be such a glorious state of the Church by the Conversion of the jems to the Christian Faith, as shall be to it Life from the Dead; that it shall then flourish in Peace and Plenty, in Righteousness and Holiness, and in a pious Off-spring; that then shall be- gin a glorious and undisturbed Reign of Christ over both jem and Gentile, to continue a thousand years during the time of Satan's binding. And that as john the Baptist was Elias because he came in the Spirit and Power of Elias; so shall this be the Church of Martyrs, and of those who had not received the AMark of the Peff, because of their entire Freedom from ... all the Doctrines and Practices of the Anti- chriftian Church, and because the Spirit and Purity of the Times of the Primitive Mar- tyrs shall return. And therefore, 1. I agree with the Patrons of the Millen- nium in this, That I believe Satan hath not yet been bound a thousand years, nor will he be so bound till the time of the Calling of the Jews, and the time of St. john's Millen- nium. 2. I agree with them in this, That the true Millennium will not begin till the Fall of An- tichrift; nor will the jews be Converted till that time, the Idol.itry of the Roman Church being one great Obstacle of their Conversion. 3. I agree both with the Modern and the Ancient Millennaries, That then shall be great Peace and Plenty, and great measures of Knowledge and of Righteousness in the whole Church of God. I therefore only differ from the Ancient Millennaries in three things. 1. In denying Christ's Personal Reign upon Earth during this thousand years; and in this both Dr. Burnet and Mr. Mead expresly have renounc'd their Doctrine. 2. Though I dare not absolutely deny what they all positively affirm, That the City of jerusalem shall be then rebuilt, and the Con- verted jews shall return to it, because this probably may be collected from those words of Christ, jerusalem shall be trodden down till the time of the Gentiles is come in, Luke 2. I. 24. and all the Prophets seem to declare the jews shall then return to their own Land, jer. 31. 38, 39, 40. yet do I confidently deny what Barnabas,and others of them, do contend for; viz. That the Temple of jerusalem shall be then built again : for this is contrary not on- ly to the plain Declaration of St. John, who shith, I saw no Temple in this New Jerusalem, Rev. 21. 22. whence I infer there is to be no Temple in any part of it; but to the whole design of the Epistle to the Hebrews, which is to shew the Dissolution of the Tem. ple Service for the weakness and unprofitable- ness of it; that the jewish Tabernacle was on- ly a Figure of the true and the more perfe Ta- bernacle which the Lord pitched, and not Man ; the jewish Santuary only a worldly Sanaua- ry, a Pattern, and a Figure of the heavenly one into which Christ our High Priest is en- ter'd Heb. 8. 2. 9. 2. 1 r. 23, 24. Now such a Temple, such a Sancuary, and such Service; cannot be suitable to the most glorious an splendid times of the Christian Church; and therefore the Apostle faith, The Lord God K k 2 omnipotent


omnipotent, and the Lamb, shall be their Temple. 3. I differ both from the Ancient and the Modern Millennaries as far as they assert that this shall be a Reign of such Christians as have suffer'd under the Heathen Persecutors, or by the Rage of Antichrist; making it only, a Reign of the Converted jews and of the Gen- tiles then flowing in to them, and uniting into one Church with them. This I believe to be indeed the truth of this mistaken Do- trine, and therefore I shall set my self more fully to explain, and to confirm it : Let it be noted therefore, S. II. I. That as the Jews were the first Nation which were owned by God as his People, and therefore are stiled his first born, Exod. 4:22. Israel his Eled, Isa. 54:4. the Children of Jacob his chosen ones, 1 Chron. 16:13, Psal. 1 os. 6. God having chosen them to be a peculiar treasure to himself above all the peo- ple of the Earth, Exod. 19. 5. Deut. 7. 6. so all Nations of the World have ever since re- ceived the Word of God and the true Religi- on from the jewish Nation, and jerusalem hath been still the Mother of all other Churches. Before the Advent of our Lord and Saviour, to them alone, saith the Apostle Paul, be- longed the Adoption, the Glory, and the Cove- nant, and the giving of the Law, and the Ser- vice of God, and the Premises, Rom. 9. 3. and none then could be joined to the Lord, Isa. 56. 3. and worship him aright, unless he join’d himself to the jews, and became a Worship- per of the God of Israel, or a Member of that Church. After Christ's coming in the Flesh, the Go- spel was first sent to them, as being the Chil- dren of the Kingdom, Matth. 8, 12. our Lord exercised his Ministry only among them, whence he is stiled The Minister of the Cir- cumcision, Rom. I 5, 8. and faith, he was not then sent to any but only to the lost Sheep of the House of Israel, Matth, 15. 24. And sending his Apostles, he forbids them, whilst he was on Earth, to go into the way of the Gentiles, or to enter into any City of Samaria, Matth. Io. 5. but saith to them, Go rather to the loft Sheep of the House of Israel. After his Ascension, they were charged to begin their Preaching at jerusalem, Luke 24. 47. as accordingly they did, preaching the Word to none but the jews only, Ats 1 1. 19. Paul, the Apostle of the Gentiles, first offers his Mini- stry to them, preaching Christ in their Syna- gogues, as his manner was, Ats 9. 29. 13. 5. 14. 1, 17. 12, 17. 18, 4. and declaring it mas necessary that the Word of God should be first spoken to them, A&ts 13.46. the Gospel being the power of God to Salvation to every one that believeth, to the jew first, Rom. 2. Io, and that through their fall, and rejection of it, the Gospel came unto the Gentiles, Rom. I 1. 28. the halt, lame, and blind, being called to this Feast, because those Guests first bid- den refused to come, Luke 14, 21. * Note also, That notwithstanding the Infi- delity of many of them, the first Church that ever received the Gospel, the Doctrine, the Sacraments of the New Testament, was the Jewish Church, Ats 2.42, 47. All the Churches of the Gentiles received the Gospel from them, they being made partakers of their Spi- ritual things, Rom. 15. 27. and the Word of: God coming out from them to other Churches, I Cor. 17.36, they being all grafted into their good Olive Tree. Hence, in the Primitive Times, the Church of jerusalem had the pre-eminence of all other Churches; to her they went for the decision of their Contro- versies, As 15, and the Bishop of Jerusalem is therefore stiled by the Ancients (a) The first Bishop, the Guide of Priests, the Top of the Heads, the Bishop, and Chief of the Apostles; and the Church of Jerusalem is said to be th Church cui omnes favorem impendunt quasi ma- tri Christiani nominis, which all favoured as the Mother of Christians. After the Fall of Antichrist, and before the Second Coming of our Lord to Judgment, the Jews shall be converted, and become a most famous Church again. For this Myste- ry the Apostle hath revealed, that Blindness in part hath bapened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles be come in, and so all Israel shall be Javed, as it is written in the Prophet Isaiah, Chap. 59. 20. There shall come out of Zion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from jacob ; for this is my Covenant with them, Jaith the Lord, when I shall take away their fins. These words are as a Key to the great things said by Isaiah touching the jewish Na- tion, and teach us to interpret them of their glorious Conversion to the Christian Faith, and the gathering them out of every Kindred, and Tongue, and Nation, and People, that at the blowing of the great Trumpet they may come from the Land of Assyria and Egypt, and may worship the Lord in the holy Mount in jerusa-, lem, Isa. 27. 13. and they may fear the Lord from the West, and his Glory from the rising of the Sun, Isa. 59. 19. This is that day when the Lord shall set his hand nw a second time to recover the remnant of his People, and shall assemble the out-casts of Israel, and gather toge- ther the dispersed of judah from the four cor- ners of the Earth, Isa. I 1. 11, 12, when he will so bring again the Captivity of jacob, and bave mercy on the whole House of Israel, as to leave none of them any more there, nor bide his face any more from them, Ezek. 39.25, 28, - Whesl (a) Cotel. Not. pag, 138.


: : - The n MTL LTE NNTITM 26 I when he shall so plant them in their Land, that they shall no more be pulled up out of the Land that he bath given them, Amos 9. 14, 15. So Tobit saith, That when IIAH66 Soly oi woue gi 78 &icrg-, the times of the Age shall be accom- plished, they shall return from all places of their Captivity, and build up jerusalem glori- ously, and the House of God shall be built in it gloriously, as the Prophets have spoken thereof, Tobit 14, 51. 6. 7. And when they shall be thus converted, and receive the Gospel, then shall Salvation be again derived from them to the Gentiles, and they shall be the Means of converting such of them as still remain to be converted, and shall draw them to as great Purity and Zeal, and as great knowledge of the Truth as ever the Church enjoy'd: For, saith the Apostle, If the Fall of them be the Riches of the World, and the diminishing them the Riches of the Gen. tiles, how much more their Fullness 2 And if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the World, what shall be the reconciling them but Life from the Dead, to the same Worlds Rom. I 1. 12, 15. Of this the Prophets speak very fully, saying, In that Day there shall be a Root of jesse which shall stand for an En- sign to the People, and to it shall the Gentiles seek, and his Rest shall be Glory, Isa. 1 1. 11. Behold, saith God, I mill then lift up my hands to the Gentiles, and set up my Standard to the People, and they shall bring thy Sons in their Arms, and thy Daughters shall be carried upon their Shoulders, and Kings shall be thy nursing Fathers, and Queens thy nursing AMothers; they shall bow down to thee with their Faces towards the Earth, and lick up the Dust of thy Feet, Isaiah 49. 22, 23. Behold, thou shalt call a Nation that thou knoweft not, and Nations that have not known thee, shall run unto thee, because of the Lord thy God, and for the holy One of Israel, for he hath glo- rified thee, Isa. 55. 5. The Lord God that ga- thereth the outcass of Israel, saith, yet will I gather others to him besides those that are ga- thered to him, ch. 56. 8. And the Gentiles shall come to thy Light, and Kings to the bright- ness of thy Rising, lift up thine Eyes roundabout, and see # all they gather themselves together, they come to thee, thy Sons shall come from far, and thy Daughters shall be nursed at thy side; the abundance of the Sea shall be converted unto thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come to thee, ch. 60, 3, 4, 5. And the Sons of Strangers shall build up thy Walls, and their Kings shall minister unto thee; there- fore thy Gates shall be open continually, they shall not be shut day or night, that Men may bring unto thee the Forces of the Gentiles, and that their Kings, may be brought. For the Na- tion and Kingdom that will not serve thee, shall perish,and shall be utterly wasted, v, to, 1 1, 12.. Thou shalt suck the Milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the Breasts of Kings, ver. 16. Te shall be named the Priests of the Lord; Men fhall call you the Ministers of our God, ch. 61. 6. 9. Ye shall eat the Riches of the Gentiles, and in their Glory shall you boast your selves, ch, 62. 2. The Gentiles shall see thy Righte: ousness, and all Kings thy Glory, Behold, I will extend Peace to her like a River, and the Glory of the Gentiles like a flowing Stream; ch, 66. 12. I will gather all Nations and Tongues, and they shall come and see my Glo- ry, ver. 18. And they shall bring all their Brethren for an offering to the Lord out of all Nations to my holy Mountain Jerusalem, and I will also take of them for Priests and for Levites Jaith the Lord, wer. 20. 21, 22. For as the new Heavens, and the new Earrth which I shall make, shall remain before me, faith the Lord, so shall their Seed, and their Name re- main. Many Nations, faith Tobit, shall come from far to the Name of the Lord God, with Gifts in their hands, even Gifts to the King of Heaven, when his Tabernacle shall be built again with joy, and he shall make his Captives joyful in Jerusalem 5 yea, all Nations shall turn, and fear the Lord God truly, chap. 13. Io, 11. S. III. Now here 'tis easie to observe, how fully this Description of the Conversion of the jews by their Prophets, answers to the AMillennium of St. John, who useth the very Words by which the Prophets had foretold their glorious Conversion, and saith, they shall be then accomplished. And, First, St. john speaks of a Reviviscence of the Church of the Primitive Martyrs that suf- fered for the Testimony of jesus, and for the Word of God, Rev. 20. 4. See Chap. 3. S. I. and with them all the ?ust. Now the ve- ry Words 'Avszng and’E(Mazy, used by St. jobn, are very frequently used by the Pro- phets to express the glorious State of the Jewish Church; and by St. Paul, to signifie the flourishing Condition of the Gentiles then, St. John saith, They who enjoy this AMillennium, shall be Priests to God and Christ, Rev. 20. 6. And the Propet Isaiah saith of the Converted jews, Te shall be named the Priests of the Lord; Men shall call you the AMinisters of oar God, ch. 6. 6. And of the Gentiles that come to them, I will take of them to be Priests and Levites, ch. , 65. 20. This was the very thing promised to the jewish Nation when God entred into Cove- nant with them, That they should be a King- dom of Priests, Ex. 19.6. Bo!Ngoy Itegriup, a kingly Priesthood, faith the Septuagint, "Jns tp, i. e. Kings and Priests, faith the Targum. This all Christians are already made,saith St. Peter, 1 Pet. 2, 5, and St. ; - ev.


Rev. 16:5, 10. We are, saith (a) Justin Martyr, truly Priests to God; it therefore may be ex- pected Men should be more eminently so in that glorious State of the Church.
    2dly. St. john speaks of a new Heaven and a nem Earth that he saw, saying, The former Heaven and Earth were passed away, Rev. 21:1. and introduceth our Lord, saying, Behold, I make all things new, verse Rev. 21:5. And the Prophet Isaiah introduceth God thus, speaking at the Conversion of the jews, Behold, I create new Heavens and new Earth, and the former shall not be remembred nor come into my mind, Isa. 65:17. And again, I have put my word in thy Mouth, that I may plant the Heavens, and lay the Foundations of the Earth, and say unto Zion, Thou art my People, Isa. 51:16. And, . Thirdly, In the very Words of the Author of the Revelations, Behold, I make things new, Isa. 43:18-19. Seeing then these new Heavens and new Earth must be contemporary with the Conversion of the Jews, sure they must be before the Conflagration of the World, i. e. before the jewish Nation be consumed to Ashes, and therefore can be only a new Heaven and new Earth, in that Moral Sense in which Maimonides explains the Phrase, (b) when he says, It signifies, that God will place them in perpetual joy, in lieu of their former Sorrow and Anxiety; so that the memory of their former Sorrow shall no more remain.
    I confess, there is this peculiarity in St. John's new Earth,that it is said of it, [GREEK], and the Sea is not yet, because he had all along represented the Beast as ascending out of the Abyss, and sitting upon many Waters, which were the People, and Multitude, and Nations, and Tongues, that had submitted to her, Rev. 17:1-8:15. Now because the Beast was utterly destroy'd, and Satan was bound up for a thousand years, and Gog and Magog were not to be gathered till then, nor were the Armies of the Beast which were slain, to rise again till the thousand years were past, Rev. 19:21-20:6. Therefore the Apostle saith, That in this new Earth the Seamas not yet.
    3dly, St. john faith, I heard a great Voice from Heaven, saying. The Tabernacle of God is with Men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his People, and God himself with them shall be their God, Rev. 21:3. And Ezekiel the other Prophet, who by the Ancients is supposed to speak of the Millennium, saith in like manner, I will make a Covenant of Peace with them, and will place them, and multiply them, and will set my Sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore; my Tabernacle also shall be with them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my People, Ezek. 37:26-27.
    4thly. St. John saith, God shall wipe away all Tears from their Eyes, and there shall be no more Death, neither Sorrow, nor Crying, neither shall there be any more Pain, for the former things are passed away, Rev. 21:4. So also saith the Prophet Isaiah of Jerusalem, that after the former Heaven and Earth were passed away, the voice of Weeping shall be no more heard in her, nor the voice of Crying, Isa. 65:19. That the Lord will wipe away Tears from all Faces, Isa. 25:8. That they shall not Hunger, nor Thirst, neither shall the Heat nor Sun smite them, for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the Springs of Water shall he guide them, Isa. 49:10. Which Words exactly answer to those of St. John, Rev. 7:16-17.
    5thly. St. John saith, The Building of the Wall of the City was of Jasper, and the City was of pure Gold like unto clear Glass, and the Foundations of the Wall of the City were garnished with all manner of precious Stones, Rev. 21:18-19. And Isaiah saith, I will lay thy Stones with fair Colours, and thy Foundations with Sapphires, and I will make thy Windows of Agats, and thy Gates of Carbuncles, and all thy Borders of pleasant Stones, Isa. 54:11-12. And Tobit saith, Jerusalem shall be built up with Sapphires, and Emeralds, and precious Stones; thy Walls, and Towers, and Battlements with pure Gold; and the Streets of Jerusalem shall be paved with Beryl, Carbuncle, and Stones of Ophir, Tobit 13:16-18.
    6thly. St. John speaks of the Tree of Life planted there, and of a pure River of Water of Life, proceeding out of the Throne of God, and of the Lamb, Rev. 22:1-2. And the Prophet Zachary speaks of Living Water going out of Jerusalem, Zech. 14:8. And he that passeth under the Name of Esdras, saith, They shall have the Tree of Life planted for an Ornament of sweet savour; For unto you, saith he, is Paradise opened, the Tree of Life is planted, 2 Esdr. 2:12.
    7tbly. St.john saith, There shall be no Night there, and they need no Candle, neither, Light of the Sun, chap. 22. 5. Isaiah faith the same, chap. 60. 19. And the Prophet Zi- chariah faith, It shall be one day which shall be known unto the Lord, not day nor night, and it shall come to pass that at the evening time it shall be light, ch. 14, 7.
    Moreover, St. John so represents the Scene of things following the Fall of Antichrist, as plainly to inform us, That he is speaking of this glorious Conversion of the jewish Nation, and God's marrying her again whom he had

(a) [GREEK] Dial. cum Tryph. p. 334. 6.
(b) Quod dixi creabonovos calo,c. idita intelligo, quod vos positurus sum in latitiam perpetuam loco luctus & anxietatisprioris, neq; illius Iuctus prioris memoria fit mansura. More Nevoch. Part 2, ch, 29, p. 268.


-- ? \1. . - had formerly divorced; for as the Church of Christ is represented as the Israel of God, Gal. 6:16. the Commonwealth of Israel, Eph. 2:12. the jerusalem which is above, Gal. 4:26. the Celestial jerusalem, Heb. 12:22. So St. John represents the new Scene of things in the same Language, saying, 1 john saw the holy City, New Jerusalem, coming down from God out of Heaven, Rev. 21:2. And again, He shewed me the great City, the holy Jerusalem, de?cending out of Heaven from God, ver. Ho. Now that this great and holy City, this New jeru?alem, is the jewi?h Church converted to God; the Characters he gives of it will not ?uffer us to doubt: For, Fir?t, he ?aith, The City had no need of the Sun, neither of the Moon to ?hine in it; for the Glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the Light thereof, Rev. 21. 23. So faith God of the Conver?ion of the jews. They ?hall call thee the City of the Lord, the Zion, the holy one of I?rael, E?. 60. 14. Thou ?halt call thy Walls Salvation, and thy Gates Prai?e; the Sun ?hall be no more thy Light by Day, nei- ther for Brightne?s ?hall the Moon give Light unto thee; but the Lord ?hall be unto thee an everla?ting Light, and thy God thy Glory. He ?aith, The Gates of this City ?hall not be ?hut at all by day, neither ?hall there be any night there, and they ?hall bring the Glory, and Ho- mour, Tipv, the ?ub?tance of the Nations un- to it, ver, 25, 26. Even as I?aias had ?aid, Thy Gates ?hall be open continually, they ?hall not be ?hut day nor night, that Men may bring anto thee the Wealth of the Gentiles, and that their Kings may be brought, I?a. 60. 11. La?t- ly, he ?aith, The Nations of them that are faved, ?hall walk in the Light of this City, and the Kings of the Earth do bring their Glory and Honour to it, ver. 24, which I have ?hewed to be the very thing foretold by the Prophets at the Conver?ion of the jew- i?h Nation. Add to this, That he introduceth this bo- ly City, this New jeru?alem, prepared as a Bride adorned for her Husband, Rev. 21. 2. and ?aith, Come hither, I will ?hem thee the Bride, the Lamb’s Wife, ver. 9, 10. and then ?hews the great City, the holy jeru?alem ; and ch. 19. 7, 8. he ?aith, He heard a Voice, ?. ing, the AMarriage of the Lamb is come, and his Wife bath made her ?elf ready; and to her mas granted, that ?he ?hould be arrayed in fine Li- men, clean and white, for the fine Linen is the Righteou?ne?s of the Saints. Now thus have the Prophets repre?ented the jewi?h Church, converted to God: Hence is ?he introduced, ?peaking thus, . I mill greatly rejoice in the Lord, my Soul ?hall be joyful in my God; for be bath cloathed me with the Garments of Sal- zation, he bath covered me with the Kobe of Righteou?ne?s, as a Bridegroom decketh him?elf with Ornaments, and as a Bride adorneth her ?elf with jewels, I?a. 61. to. And again The true MILLENNIUM. 263 Thou ?halt no more be termed for?aken, neither ?hall thy Land any more be termed de?olate, but thou ?halt be called Hephzibah, and thy Land Beulah, for the Lord delighteth in thee, and thy Land ?hall be married, ch. 62. 4, and wer. 5. For as a roung Man marrieth a Virgin, ?o Jhall thy Sons marry thee; and as the Bride- groom rejoiceth over the Bride, ? ?hall thy God rejoice over thee. S. IV. Add to this, that all the Characters which the Patrons of the Millennium give of tho?e times, exactly accord with the Cha- raeters given by the Prophets of the Conver- ?ion of the fems, and are many of them ta- ken from the very Words of the Prophets, foretelling tho?e times: For in?tance, Fir?t, Indolence and Plenty, ?aith Dr. Bur- net, [B. 4. c. 7. p. 183.] ?eem to be two In- gredients of this happy State. Accordingly the Prophets every where ?peak, how the Riches of the Gentiles ?hall then flw into them, I?a. 60. 5, 1 1. and they ?hall eat the Riches of the Gen- tiles, chap. 61. 6. That there ?hall be then no Hunger nor Thir?t, no Heat nor Sun to ?mite them, no Voice of Crying or Weeping. See I?a. 35. Io. - 2dly. That it ?hall be a time of univer?al Peace and freedom from War and Per?ecution, [Ib. p. 184.] and this he proves from the words of the Prophets, declaring, That at the day, that time when God ?hall create new Heavens and new Earth, the Lamb and the Lion ?hall lie down together, and the Sucking Child ?hall play with the Ba?ilisk, and they ?hall not hurt in all my holy Mountain, as it is written, E?. II. 6, 7, 8, 9. and ch. 65. 25. and ?aying, That the Nations ?hall beat their Swords into Plow?hares, and their Spears into Pruning-hooks; Nation ?hall not lift up a Sword again?t Nation, neither ?hall they learn War any more, I? 2.4. Mich. 4.3. as appears al?o from the Promi?es, that God will then make her Officers Peace, I?. 60. 17. and will extend Peace to her as a River, ch. 66. 12. 3dly, That it ?hall be a Kingdom of Righte- ou?ne?s, [Ibid] Accordingly of this holy City, jeru?alem, it is ?aid, There ?hall no more come into thee, the untircumci?ed and un- clean, I?a. 52. I. An high-may ?hall be there, and it ?hall be called the way of Holine?, the Onclean ?hall not pa?s over it, ch. 35, 8.which exactly an?wers to tho?e Words of St. john, Into the holy City ?hall nothing enter that is polluted or unclean, Rev. 21. 27. And again, Thy People ?hall be all righteous, ch. 61. 21. See Zeph. 3. 9. Zach. 14, 20, 21. * … -- Moreover this, ?aith he, [p. 185.] will be a State under a peculiar Pre?ence and Divine Conduci, becau?e the Tabernacle of God will be with Men,and he will dwell with them; and this we ?ee was promi?ed at the Conver?ion of the jewi?h Nation, Ezek. 37, 27. , , - - - The la?t Chara?ier, ?aith he, that belong; to this


264. . A T R E AT IS E of this State, or rather to tho?e that enjoy it, is this, that they are Kings and Prie?ts unto God; and this al?o, we have ?hewed to be promi?ed to the converted jews, E?. 61.6 – 65. 20. . I add, That as the ancient Fathers general- ly held that the time would come wken all I?rael ?hould be ?aved, and be converted to the Chri?tian Faith ; ?o did they as generally con- ceive that this ?hould happen at the Clo?e of the World, (c) and about the time of our Sa- ziour's ?econd coming: and mo?t of 'em ?peak of it as a branch of the Millennium. - . So ju?tin A1, ?ays once and again, that (d) then the jems ?hall ?ee, and ?hall acknowledge him whom they have pierced; and he confe??es to Trypho, (e) that jeru?alem ?hall be rebuilt, and that (f) Chri?tians ?hall rejoyce with Chri?t together mith the Patriarchs and Prophets, and with the jews and their Pro?elytes, i. e. the Mations then flowing in to them before the com- ing of our Lord. So (g) Irenaus declares, that then God mill re?tore them to the Land which he had promi?ed, and given to their Fa- thers, and they ?hall dwell in it in hope. And (h) Tertullian ?aith, that he will then omn the Circumci?ion, Et Abraha: gentem, cum ultimo venerit, acceptatione, & benedictione digna- bitur, and at his la?t coming will vouch?afe to ac- cept, and ble?; the Seed of Abraham. And this is ?uitable to the ancient Opinion of the (i) jews, that in the end of the World there ?hould be to them a World full of joy and exaltation, ?o that their Heaven and Earth ?hould as it mere. be renewed, according to the words of I?aiah, chap. 65. 17. . So the Targum upon tho?e words of Ho?ea, the Children of I?rael ?hall ?eek the Lord their God, and David their King, and ?hall fear the Lord and his goodne?s in the latter days. . . . . . . . r * - - - S. 3. Nor is it to be wonder'd that there ?hould be then ?uch a glorious Conyer?ion of them, and ?uch a flowing in of the Na- tions to them, ?eeing the Prophets ?eem to intimate there ?hall be then a full Effu?ion of the Holy Gho?t upon them, ?omewhat re?em- bling that which was vouch?afed to the fir?t Ages of Chri?tianity. So the Prophet I?aiah ?peaks of the De?olation of the City ag &w n tp Up &G Trp.c. &cp' tw?\8, un- til the Spirit be poured upon them from on high, I?a. 32.1 5. which is the very Phra?e in which our Lord promi?eth the Spirit to his Apo?tles, Luke 24, 49. St. Paul proves their Com- ver?ion from tho?e words of theprophet I?aiah, The Deliverer ?hall come out of Zion, and ?hall turn away iniquity from jacob : with which the?e are immediately conneted, And this is my y (c) Inthe End of the World, 2 E?dr. 2, 34, 6, 15 xxvizrs. (e) P. 249. C. (f) "A Covenant with them, ?aith the Lord, MySpirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put into thy A?outh, ?hall not depart out of thy A?outh, nor out of the Mouth of thy Seed, nor out of the Mouth of thy Seed's Seed from henceforth for ever, Chap. 59. 29, 21. Andagain, Chap." 44. 3. I will pour water upon bim that is thir?ty, and floods upon the dry ground; I will pour my Spirit upon thy Seed, and my Bluffing on thy Off- fpring. So Ezek. 36. 24. I will take you from among the Heathen, and gather you out of all Countries, and will bring you into your own Land. And wer. 27. I will put my Spirit within you, and cau?e you to walk in my Statutes. And Chap. 39. 28, 29. I have gathered them un- to their own Land, and have left none of them any more there, neither will I hide my Face any more from them, for I have poured out my Spirit, upon the Hou?e of I?rael, faith the Lord. And, this ?eems plainly to be hinted in the?e words of St. Paul, 2 Cor. 3, 15, 16, 17. Even unto this day, when Mo?es is read, the Weil is upon their heart. Neverthele?s, when it fhall turn to the Lrd, the Weil ?hall be taken away; for the Lord is (the giver of ) that Spirit, (or 5) where the:Lord is, there is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is Liberty, from, ?ubjection to the Law, and from that Veil which hinders them from turning to Chri?t. ... To this Mr. Mead (pag. 761,767.) con- jectures there ?hall be added a Vi?ion of Je- ?us to them; for ?aith God by his Pro- phet Zachariah, Chap. 12. , 10. I will pur upon the Hou?e of David, and upon the Inhabi- tants of jeru?alem, the Spirit of Grace and f Supplications, and they ?hall look upon him wbon: they have pierced, and mourn for him. And Chri?t being ask'd, What ?hall be the Sign f the End of the World 2 Matth. 24. 3. faith ver, 36. Then ?hall appear the Sign f the Son of Man in Heaven, and then ?hall all the Tribes. of the Earth mourn, and they ?hall ?et the San of A?an coming in the Clouds of Heaven, with Power and great Glory. And he ?peaks to the Jews thus, Perily, I ?ay unto you, yet a little. mhile, and you ?hall not ?ee me till you ?ay, Ble??ed is he that cometh in the Name of the Lord, Matth. 23. 39. . Or that according to the ancient and gene- ral Doctrine both of jew and Chri?tian, they ?hall have an Elias ?ent to in?truct them,a D- liverer & exey Xy, for the ?ake of Zion, as the Septuagint, I?a. 59. 20. For, faith he, It m) be fit to conceive magnificently of ?o great 4 mork of God tomards a People for whom he hatb formerly ?hewed ?o many wonders; e?pecially this being the greate? work of mery and *: . . . . . . . . . . . , , ty t * * : * ~ * * *_. - . , 25. (d) P 232. D. "ors 33.5 peš zl &a is Ha?idewals, i, IIesoftw, is t is f **, *, *, *? aesnatw yu'vov, reirasv 94% + Xe assadre, p. 306. (g) L. 5. c. 34. (b) Adv. Mars. 1. 5. c. 9 p.472, C. (i) R. * * * — * - Saadias Gaon Sepher Hamunot,


The Trne TMTIT ETN NIU M. T.& der that ever he did for them, far beyond the bringing them forth of Egypt, and leading them in the Wilderne?s. And to this he refers the?e words of Eccle?ia?ticus, Elias was ordained to turn the hearts of the Father to the Son, and to re?tore, xxixshow?, the Tribes of jacob : M&xc'ezo? of 133;g at, 2 cl &ycrdaz . 2000/wwvol, 2, 7 wacic (6.51 (Hwejcz, Ble?- fed are they that ?ee thee, and are adorned with love, for we ?hall ?urely live,cclus, 48, 10, 1j. Where note, that their Conver?ion is again repre?ented by a new life, and by the very word u?ed concerning the Souls of the Mar- tyrs which were ?lain, Rev. 20. 4. . . ." S. VI. Add to this, That as all the anci- ent Millennaries held that this Reign on Earth ?hould be at (k) jeru?alem, and that (i. jews converted then ?hould Reign together with the Chri?tians; ?o all the Pa??ages cited from jewi?h Writers concerning the Millen- nium, ?peak only of the Millennium of the Re?urrection,the new Heavens and new Earth the jewi?h Nation ?hall enjoy. This is appa- rent from tho?e words on which the Midra?h Tehillim founds this Millennium, viz. Com- fort us according to the days in which thou ha?ti affliedus, P?al. 90. 15. in Babylon, in Greece, in Rome. From the words cited by Galatinus, I. 12.. c. 1. from R. Eliezer, ch. 34. As I live, faith the Lord, I will rai?e you in the time to come, in the Re?urreion of the dead, and I will gather you, with all I?rael, into the Land of I?rael. From tho?e cited from R. Saadias on Dan. 7. 18. Becau?e the jews rebelled a- gain?t their Lord, their Kingdom; ?hall be ta: ken from them, and given to the four A40- narchies who ?hall po??e?; it in this World, and ?hall ?ubdue and carry captive I?rael till the Age to come in which the Me??iah ?hall Reign. From the Targum on Ho?. 14.8. They ?hall be gathered from the mid?t of their captivity; and on P?al. 50. 4. From the Pa??age quoted by Galatinus, l. 1 1. c. 1. From the Book Bera- coth, that I?rael ?hall no more make mention of their departure out of Egypt in the Age to come, in the days of the Me??iah. ... And from the (k) Ju?tin M. Iren. . . . words cited by Mr. Mead, Luke 21. 24, The jews ?hall be carried captives into all Na- tions till the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled, and then ?hall they ?ee the Son of Man coming in the Clouds. From the words of Tobit cited by Mr. Mead, p. 579. Then the Children of I?rael ?hall go into a very long captivity, but the ble??ed God ?hall remember them, and gather them from the four corners of the Earth. Ac- cordingly Mr. Mead ?ums up their Opinion thus, They exped their Forefathers, at lea?t ?uch as were ju?t and holy, ?hould ri?e in the be- ginning of the ?ame Millennium, and reign in (the Land of I?rael with their Off-?pring under "the AMe??iah.' And, faith he, I can hardly be- lieve that all this ?moak of Tradition could a- ri?e but from ?ome fire of Truth anciently made * known unto them. And this I freely grant, and do indeed ?uppo?e by a??erting a Pre- diction of ?uch a general Call of the jews near the clo?e of the World, as they ?tiled otins, a reviving, and a Re?urretjion of them. But how comes this Tradition to re- late to Chri?tian Martyrs beheaded for the Name of Chri?t, or to be fulfilled in the Re- ?urrection of them only who are, chiefly Chri?tians, not of the jews, but of the Gen- tiles P Mr. Mead ?olves the matter thus, p. 604. Under the ?econd ?ort of the?e Reigners I would in a particular re?pec under?tand the Nation of the jews then converted to the Chri- fian Faith; who coming in toward the end of the day, may, above all others, be ?aid to be tho?e, who had not wor?hipped the Bea?t, nor his Image, nor had received his mark upon their fore- heads or their hands. And thus will Truth prevail at la?t, but to the ruin of this lite- ral Re?urrection: . For how can they lite- rally be ?aid to live again, and to have a part in the fir?t Re?urreion, who were never ?lain for the Faith? And who are not to be con- verted, ?ay their own Prophecies and Tra- ditions, till God createth a new Heaven and a new Earth, and much le?s till the Fall of Babylon 2 -- * > Tertul. ?upra. . . ... . . . L 1 CHAP. ---


A TREAT I S E of s C H A P. III. This chapter contains an An?wer to all the Arguments produc’d from Scripture, to prove this literal Re?urreion of the AMartyrs, and this Reign of them on Earth a thou?and years, viz. I. To the chief Argument for this Opinion, from Rev. 20. 4, 5, 6. S. I. To 2 Pet. 3. from ver?. 5. 13. S. II. To Heb. 2. 5. compared with Chap. i., 6. S. III. To Matth, 5. 5. The Meek ?hall inherit the Earth, S. IV. To Rom. 8. 19, 20. The Creature ?hall bedelive- red from the Bondage of Corruption into the glorious Liberty of the Sons of God, S.V. To Ats 3. 20, 21. The Heavens mu?t receive him till the time of the Re?titution of all things, S. VI. To Matth. 19. 27, 28, 29. Ye that have followed me in the Rege- neration, ?hall ?it * twelve Throes, S. VII. And they ?hall receive an hundred fold now in this Life. Ibid. ' - Proceed now to the Arguments pro- duced from Scripture for the Dogrine of the Millennium, to which I hope to return a clearand ?atisfactory An?wer, beginning with tho?e words of the Revelations in which all the A??ertors of this Doctrine place their Confidence. And they are the?e. S. I. Arg. 1. And I ?aw Thrones, and they fat upon them, and judgment was given to them? and I ?aw the Souls of them that were beheaded for the Witne?s of je?us, and for the Word of God, and which had not wor?hipped the Bea?t, neither his Image, neither had re- ceived his Mark upon their Foreheads, or in their Hands, and they lived and reigned mith Chri?t a thou?and years, Rev. 20. 4. But the re?t of the Dead lived not again till the thou?and years were fini?hed. This is the fir?t Re?urreion; ver?. 5. Ble??ed and holy is he who hath part in the fir?t Re?urreion: ''On ?uch the ?econd Death hath no power, but they ?hall be Prie?ts of God and of Chri?t, and ?hall reign with him a thou- ?and years, ver?. 6. Fir?t, Here, ?ay they, is mention of a Fir?t Re?urreion, antecedent to the General Re- ?urrection of the ju?t, who are not to live a- gain till they who fir?t ri?e have reigned a thou?and years on Earth. 2.dly. This Re?urrection, ?ay they, is pro- per to tho?e who were ?lain for the Te?timony f je?us, and the Word of God, and were not Wor?hippers of the Bea?t. 3dy. This Re?urrection, ?ay they, is not a Metaphorical, but a proper Re?urrection; for the Souls, i.e. the Per?ons of them that were ?lain live again. 4thly. They do reign with Chri?t a thou?and years, and that Reign, ?ay mo?t of them, is to be upon Earth; therefore there is to be a Reign of tho?e Martyrs who were ?lain for the T?himony of je?us and the Word of God upon Earth * thou?and years. Now in an?wer to this Argument, iet it be noted: An?w. 1. That it is not the Bodies,but the Souls of them that are beheaded who are ?aid to live; now the word Fux”, rendred Soul, occurs ?ix times in this Book, this place ex- cepted; and in all the?e places, it ?ignifies either the Soul in ?eparation, or di?tintion from the Body, or the living Soul; for, Chap. 6.. 9. The Souls under the Altar, not only cry with a loud Voice but they are cloathed with white Robes, ver. 10, 11. which Expre??ions cannot be well applied to Dead Bodies. Chap. 8, 9. The Krist xtz J, are the Creatures having Animal Souls by which they lived, Chap. 12. 1 1. It plainly ?ignifies their Lives, i. e. the Souls by which Men live, Chap. 16. 3. It is expre?ly i? Jž Caz, the living Soul, Chap. 18, 13. It ?ignifies the Lives of Men, or el?e the Souls of Men which they did hunt for, or devour, as Ezek, 13. 18, 20.— 22.2.5. and ver, 14th, 6%-34%. * No.3%, is the de?ire not of the Body but the Soul; Why therefore mu?t this Word be here ?uppo?ed to ?ignifie not the Soul, but that dead Body oppo?ite to it, which alone properly can be ?aid to ri?e, and live again. 2dly. Letit be noted, that a proper and a literal Re?urretion is never in the wholeNew Te?tament expre??ed, or repre?ented to us by the living of the Soul, but always by the living, rai?ing, or the re?u?citation of the Dead, the rai?ing of the Bodies of the Saints, of them that ?lept in the Duff, or in their Graves Sepulchres, or who were buried in the Se or in the Earth; if then the Holy Gho?t here meant a literal and proper Re?urrection, why doth he ?o much vary from the Terms he con?tantly doth u?e el?ewhere, whenever he di?cour?eth of ?uch a Re?urre&tion, and take up with the Terms ?o oft applied in Scrip- ture to a Moral, and Metaphorical Re?ur- rection 2 As we ?hall ?ee hereafter. Al?,


!, TNTILLENNIUM. An?ip. 2. 2dly. I grant that here is men- tion of a Fir?t Re?urreion antecedent to the general and proper Re?urrection, but then it plainly is a Re?urrection in which all that are ble??ed and holy, and over whom the ?t- cond Death hath no Power, have a part, ver, 6. and they are all who?e Names are written in the Book of Life, ver. 14, 15. It is a Re- ?urrection of all who had not wor?hipped the Bea?t, ver. 4. and they are all the ?ame Per?ons, Rev. 13. 8. It is a Re?urrection of tho?e who are made Kings and Prie?ts to God and Chri?t, which all good Chri?tians are, 1 Pet.z.5,9. and therefore not of Martyrs only. Again, It is a Re?urrection before the Day of Judgment, and before the Sea, and Death, and the Grave deliver up their Dead, as the words following intimate, ver, 12. 13. viz. 1 ?aw the Dead, ?mall and great ?tand before God, and the Books were opened; and another Book, which is the Book of Life, and the Dead were judged out of tho?e things which were written in the Books, according to their Works. And the Sea gave up her Dead, that were in it and Death and Hades delivered up their Dead that were in them: and they were judged every Man according to his Works. Where note, that the Dead delivered up were all that were judged according to their Works. It al?o is a Re?urrection before Chri?t’s coming to render to every Man as his Works ?hall be; for this He after promi?eth to do, Chap. 22. 12. whereas, according to the Doctrine of the Millennium, Chri?t had al- ready given to them whom he had rai?ed to reign with him on Earth, the Ble??ing pro- mi?ed to him that overcometh, Rev. 2. 26, 27,- 3. 21. 5., 1 O. , - 3dly. The re?t of the Dead that lived not again until the thou?and years were fini?hed, are not the ju?t, but the Synagogue of Satan, Gog and Magog, ver, 8. for St. john, Chap. 19, repre?ents the King of kings, and Lord of lords, with the Armies mbich mere in Heaven making War with the Kings of the Earth, and their Armies, and giving their Fle?h to be meat unto them; -in which War the Bea?t was taken, and the fal?e Prophet, and ca?t alive into a lake of Fire, ver. 26. And then it follows thus, 2, vi Nort?, and the re?t of them, who were gathered together to make War with this King of kings were ?lain with the Smord that came out of his Mouth, and all the Fowls were filled with their Fle?h, ver. 21. Now it being by the Pagan Emperors fir?t, and by the Bea?t afterwards, That Satan, the great Dragon, made war with the Seed of the Woman which kept the Commandments of God, and had the Te?timony of je?us Chri?t, Rey, 12. 17. The?e In?truments of Satan being thus ?lain, and overcome by Chri?t, Satan is bound a thou?and years, i. e. He is ?o long di?abled from per?ecuting and moleft- ing the Church of Chri?t, and during this 267 ?pace She is rai?ed up to her Primitive Puri- ty,and flouri?heth gloriou?ly, and ?o is repre- ?ented, as having a Re?urrection from the Dead: This thou?and years being ended, Satan is let loo?e again, and gathers again his In?truments, i. e. the Nations which are in the four quarters of the Earth, Gog and Magg to Battle, and they compa?s the Camp of the Saints. Rev. 20. 8, 9. And this is the living of the re?t of the Dead again after the thou?and years may ended, wer. 5. for it is only of Ao?- Ti, the re?t that were ?lain, Chap. 19. 21. that lived again; it is only tho?e who had no ?hare in the Fir?t Re?urreion, and ?o were neither ble??ed nor holy, ver, 6, nor had their Names written in the Book of Life ; and con?equently tho?e on which the Second Death had place, which Death they ?uffered when Fire came down from Heaven and de- vour'd them, and they were ca?t into the Lake of Fire with the Devil, ver, Io. 15. And that of Aoti the re?t, Chap. 19. 21. and Chap. 20. 5. ?hould ?ignifie the ?ame Per- ?ons, cannot ?eem ?trange, if we con?ider that only four Ver?es intervene betwixt them. And that they mu?t be the ?ame Per- ?ons, is evident from the connexion of the words,thus,the re?t of the Dead lived not till the thou?and years of Satan's Binding and the Saints Reign was ended, ver, 5.' And when tho?e thou?and years were isi, Satan was loo?ed, and gathered them together again?t that Church of Chri?t, which had thus Reigned a thou?and years, ver. 7, 8, 9, 10. And this interpretation of the re?t of the Dead ri?ing again, gives a clear An?wer to the Objection of Mr. Mead, again?t the other Sen?es commonly impo?ed upon the?e Words, wiz. That it would be a mo?t har?h and violent Interpretation, to ?ay the Dead, and the living again of the Dead, ?hould not be taken in the ?ame Sen?e; for according to this Expo?ition they are exactly taken in the ?ame Sen?e, the Dead Church living again in the ?ame Metaphorical Sen?e, in which the re?t of the Dead, the Enemies of the Church live again, at the end of the thou?and years when Satan is loo?ed, and gathers them to Battle again?t the Church. 4thly. The Souls of them who were ?lain for the T?himony of je?us, and for the Word of God, are tho?e Chri?tians who were ?lain in the time of the Ten Per?ecutions, and the Souls of them who wor?hipped not the Bea?t, are tho?e Chri?tians who cho?e rather to die, or ?uffer Per?ecution, than to be guilty of Romi?h Idolatry: And they are ?aid to live again as the Bea?t which had received Tav TAM2”y Svts, the Wound of Death, and one of who?e Heads was wounded to Death, &ce, lived again, Rev. 13. 3, 12. viz. in the Stic- ce??ion of the Antichri?tian Bea?t, to him which exerci?ed the Power of the Heathen Emperors over the Earth, and reviv'd the Ido- L 1 2. latry


268 -7 TRETTINE f try of the Heathen Empire. And as the two Witne??es, when ?lain, are ?aid to live again, the Spirit of Life from God entring into them, Rev. 11. 7, 11. becau?e a ?ucce??ion of Men of the ?ame Faith and the ?ame oppo?ition to the Bea?t, revive, and flouri?hafter they were flain; Some here reply, that this was ?poken of the two Churches, that they were ?lain, and lived again, not of the Suppo?ita, But why then may not the words of St. John be ?poken of the Church of jem and Gentile then revi- ving, and not of the Suppo?ita ? Moreover, the?e two Witne??es are ?aid to be ?lain, ver, 7. and their dead bodies to lie in the ?treets of the great City, wer. 8. to be ?een lying there three days and an half, and not to be ?uffered to be put into their Graves, ver, 9 and af- ter three days and an half, the Spirit of God is ?aid to enter into them, to make them ?tand upon their feet, and live again. If therefore nothing of this be ?poken of the Suppo?ita,why ?hould tho?e words, 1 ?am the Souls of them who mere beheaded for the Witne?s of je?us, and they lived again, be ?poken of the Suppo?ita, and not of the Churches of the Converted jews and Gentiles 2 This being the Prophetick Scheme by which the Scripture ?till repre?ents the glorious Re?toration of God’s Church and People. For, - 1. The Re?toration of the Church is ?ome- times repre?ented as a Re?urretion of it from the Dead. So faith the Prophet I?aiah, &vash- covt.8% of vexeci, thy dead ?hall ari?e, and be rai?ed out of their Tombs, Chap. 26, 19. So God ?peaks to the jewi?h Nation by Ezekiel, ?aying, I will open your graves, and cau?e you to come out of your graves, and bring you into the Land of I?rael, Ezek, 37. 13, 14. The Pro- phet Ho?ea ?peaks thus, in three days &ysn- *swx we ?hall ri?e up again, and we ?hall live, before him, Ho?. 6. 2. And the Apo?tle ?peak- ing of this very matter, wiz., the Conver?ion of the fews, faith, it ?hall be even to the Gentiles Z & Vgw, as life from the dead, Rom. , i. 15. Here then is a Re?urrection of the Church of God agreeable to that which our Interpretation of this Pa??age of the Reve- ?ations doth import: nor is there any more rea?on to ?ay the words of St. john re?pect the Suppo?ita, and not the Churches, than to lay the ?ame of many of the places cited. Moreover, the Scripture doth more fre- quently, mention the Re?toration of the Church, and her Return from a low, captive, and afted State under the Metaphor of a new Lisa Life from the dead, a Revivi?cence of God’s Church and People. Thus when God moved the Per?ian Kings to let the jews return to their own Land, he is by Ezra ?aid to give them 320i?tmy a Revivi?tence, Ezra, 9.8.9. The P?almi?t ?peaking of him?elf as the Af Text, or of God’s ‘People al?o, ?aith the Marginal Reading, u?eth the?e words, Thou which hath ?hewed me great and fore troubles, ?hal; quicken me (Marg. us) again, and ?halt bring me up again (Marg, us) from the depth of the Earth, P?al. 71. 20. And the Church ?peaketh thus to God, (6,668; thou wilt quicken us, and we mill call upon thy Name, P?al. 80. 18.And again, Thou wilt return zgag w, and revive us, and thy People ?hall rejoyce in thee, P?al. 85. 6. Zgta oi rsveczi; 38 Tby dead A?en ?hall live, I?a. 26. 19. ?ay Symmachus and Theodotion. <notatr. We ?hall live in his ?ight, ?aith the Prophet Ho?ea, Chap. 6. 2, 3. and Ch. 14. 17. They ?hall live with their Children and return again, ?aith the Prophet Zachary, Chap. 10.8, 9. The Son of Syrach faith, at the coming of Elias, 36% &Motaesc, we ?hall live again, Chap. 48. 1 1. But the chief Seat of this Metaphor is in the 37th. Chapter of Ezekiel, where God is introduced inquiring of the jews in Babylon, ei ?otta, can the?e Bones live? ver, 3. and promi?ing to put into them Tyux & the breath of life, ver, 5, and ?aying, I will put my Spirit into you zoese and ye?hall live,and bidding the Prophet blow upon them ozTasaw that they may live,V.9. and declaring that when he had done ?o,hreath entred into them, 2 &nd, and they lived again, and ?tood npon their feet, v. Io. in all which places the very word which St.john u?eth to expre?s the fir?t Re?urre&ion, is here u?ed to expre?s the Return of the Church from her Ob?curity and Thraldom to a glorious State. Why therefore may not the word in St. john bear that Sen?e which it ?o often bears in the Prophetick Writings, and twice in the (a) New Te?tament, when ?poken of the Gentiles? It hence at la?t appears, that by this Inter- pretation I put no force upon the words, but do expound them in the familiar Sen?e in which they are ?till u?ed upon the like oc- ca?ion in the Prophetick Writings. Now it is generally agreed by tho?e who own this Conver?ion of the Jews, that it is not to commence till after the De?truction of the Bea?t, or the Downfall of Antichrift, mention’d chap. 18. and therefore in the next Chapter he begins his 'Di?cour?e upon it, ?aying, Chap. i2. 7. The Marriage f the Lamb" is come, and his Wife bath made her ?elf ready, i.e. ?he who was formerly put away, becau?e ?he was not (b) pre- pared for the Bridegroom's coming, was now to be married to God again. And Chap. 21. he rea??umes this matter, and ?hews the Bride the Lamb's Wife in ?uch ade- ?cription, as will not ?uffer us to doubt ?he is the jewi?h Nation converted to the Chri- fian Faith: For, he calls her the Holy City, and the New Jeru?alem, and tells us in the very (* 9 divs rg ?ixes, ui, 3 n, Luke 15. an Rom, 11, 15. (b) Not inian Rad;... .


-------------4---------- The true MTL L ENNTUM, 269 . ! - : ...! very words of I?aiah, Chap, 60. 3, Io. that the Nations which ?hall be ?aved ?hall walk in the light of this city. He calleth her al?o the Bride to be married to the Lamb; which is the De?cription the Prophets make of this converted Nation, viz, as of a Bride adorned with her jewels, and as one that is to be mar- ried to the Lord, I?a. 61. o. 62. 4, 5. And he goes on in a continual Be?cription of this New Jeru?alem in the words of the Prophets, I?aiah and Ezekiel ?peaking of the Conver?ion of the jewi?h Nation. The City al?o coming down from Heaven, ver, to. is the new Church of the converted jews, ?aid to come down from Heaven, according to the Hebrew Phra?e, becau?e of that Divine Wi?dom, and tho?e Spiritual Gifts and Graces with which ?he ?hall be adorned from Heaven : For as they were wor?t to ?ay of one who treated of ?u- blime heavenly things, that he did yphy Ry (a) a?cend into Heaven, and ?peak as one who was admitted into the Divine Councils, Peut. 30. 11, 12. Prov. 30. 3. and of * who heard the?e things that they were ex- alted to Heaven, Matth 11, 23, ?o the pour- ing down of the?e Gifts and Ble?fings is re- pre?ented as the opening of Heaven, and let- ting them down upon the Earth. thus when St. john receives his Prophecy, he ?ees a door opened in Heaven, and hears a Voice ?aying come up hither, and I will ?hw thce what ?hall be hereafter, Rev. 4. t. Where note, that the Voice he heard then was as the Voice of a Trumpet: And ?o the very ?ame Voice he heard when he was in the Spirit, Rev. T. ro. The two Witne??es al?o, when they live a- gain, are called up into Heaven, Rev. 1 r. 1 1, 12, as being filled with heavenly Wi?dom. And ?ince the Spiritual Gifts imparted to the Church are ?aid to come from above, from the Father of lights, Jam. 1, 17. and they who were made Partakers of them to have ta?ted t 34- & Trg of the heavenly gift; ?eeing the Church of Chri?t is the jeru?alem which is from above, &al. 4.25, the beavenly jeru?alem, Heb. 12. 22. it is no wonder that ?he is repre?en- ted here as coming down from Heaven, when ?he was as it were to have a new Birth which is from above, Joh. 3. 3. and to be adorned with Jpiritual ble??ings in heavenly things in Chri?t je-) fus, Eph. i. 3. and to be reduc’d to her Pri- mitive Lu?tre and Purity ; for then ?hall the Purity of the Church return, and be as it was in the times of the fir?t Martyrs for the Faith, and the Go?pel ?hall be profe??ed without any Antichri?tian mixture, as they who op- po?ed the Bea?t endeavoured to pre?erve it: And thus ?hall the?e Martyrs and Oppo?ers of the Bea?t live again. - - - A Reverend and worthy Per?on, of more than ordinary Skill in matters of this nature, is of Opinion; - - - gone into everla?ting Life, John 5: 28, 29. at 1?t. That the fir?t Re?urreion, here men- tion'd, will be a literal Re?urreion of them that have lo?t their Lives for the Te?timony of Chri?t, to enjoy eternal Life in Heaven a thou- ?and years before the general Re?urreion, as the Afartyrs of the Old Te?tament aro?e with the Body of Chrift, Matth 27. 52. They ?hall reign faith he, with Chri?t, not on Earth, but in Heaven, mhere Chri?t is, and ?hall be till he come to judgment. 2.dly, He is of Opinion, That not only the A?artyrs ?hall then ri?e to beavenly Bli?s, but, that their Martherers ?hall then al?o ari?e to eter- mal Puni?hment. Which he gathers from tho?e words of Daniel, Chap. 12. 2. And many of them that ?leep in the du?t ?hall ari?e, fome to everla?ting Life, and ?ome to everla?ting Shame and Contempt. Now, 1?t. Again?t the Doctrine of the fir?t and ?econd Re?urrection, properly ?o called, I have offered ?ome Arguments in the Anno- tations, on 1 Cor. 15, and Chap. 4. S. 2. I therefore only farther note; - Fir?t, That St. Matthew ?peaks not one word of any Martyrs that aro?e after Chri?t's Re?urrection, but only of the ari?ing of ?ome Saints that ?lept, and their going into the holy City, and appearing unto many; which ?eems rather to make it probable they were Saints who had lived in the Memory of tho?e to whom they appeared, and were known. See the Note there. 2dly. St. Matthew doth not ?ay as St. John doth, that many Souls lived, but that Tw. capacito, many Bodies of tho?e that ?lept aro?e out of their Sepulchres: His words mu?t therefore be under?tood of a proper Re?urrection of the Bodies of the Saints; but it cannot be hence inferr'd that the words of St. John bear the ?ame ?en?e. . - - 3dly. St. John doth not ?ay his A4artyrs ?hall reign with Chri?t a thou?and years before the general Re?urreion, but only, that they ?hall reign mith Chri?t a thou?and years; which ?eems an odd Expre??ion when applied to them who are rais'd to reign for ever with him. Add to this, that after the Re?urrection of St. john's Saints to reign with Chri?t, a thou?and years, Sa- tan is loo?ed, and rai?es his Armies to fight again?t, and compa?s about T Tzgl 2% &7% v the Camp of the Saints, v. 7, 8, 9. which fairly intimates that the Saints men- tion'd ver. 6. as partakers of the fir?t Re?ur- rection, were ?till on Earth, and not reign- ing with Chri?t in Heaven. . . . La?ily, The ?econd part of this Opinion ?eems to contradict many Scriptures which ex- pre?ly teach that the time of the Puni?hment. of the wicked ?hall be after the Sentence of Ab?olution hath been pa??ed upon the Ble??ed, Matth. 25, 41,–46. when all the Good have the (a) Buxt. Floril, p. 4.


------ 27o - 7TRETTISE f the day of Judgment, and when we ?hall ap- pear before the Judgment-?eat of Chri?t, Kom. 2.8, 9, 16. 2 Cor. 5. Io, and that they who have per?ecuted Chri?t's Members ?hall be pu- ni?hed at the Revelation of Chri?t from Heaven, 2 The??, 1.6–9, at the Conflagration of the World, 2 Pet. 2. 9. 3. 7. at the day of judg- ment, Jude 14, 15. when he comethin the Clouds, Rev. 1.7. and that the Crown of Glory ?hall be given to the Righteous at the ?ame time. See Note on 2 Tim. 4. 8. Obj. 2. Some refer to this Millennium tho?e words of Chri?t, Matth. 5. 5. Ble??ed are the meek, for they ?hall inherit the Earth, ?aying, that neither David, nor our Saviour, could under- fiand this othermi?e than of a future State,becau?e it is not the meek, but the great ones of the World, that ?lice the Earth among them, and Court-flat- terers that ?cramble for Preferment. An?. But it is evident to a Demon?trati- on, that David did under?tand this of the re?ent Earth, or of the Land of Canaan; or the Tenor of this whole thirty ?eventh P?alm is de?ign'd to ?hew that wicked Men ?hall by God's Judgment ?uddenly peri?h, whil?t righteous Men lived ea?ily and quietly in the Land of Canaan. So wer. 9. Evil doers ?hall be cut off, but they that wait upon the Lord they ?hall inherit the Earth; for yet a little while, and the wicked ?hall not be, but the meek ?hall inherit the Earth. They that are ble??ed of him ?hall inherit the Earth, and they that are cur- fed of bim ?hall be rooted out. So ver?e 34. Wait on the Lord, and keep his way, and be ?hall exalt thee 78 w842 cyopgo, Tluj yl to inherit the Earth. Then the wicked are de?troyed thou ?half ?ee it. See al?o ver. 14,17,19,23,24, 25, 29. 'Tis therefore unadvi?edly ?aid, the P?al- mi?t could not under?tand this of the pre?ent Earth, and that upon a plain mi?take of the Import of the Phra?e; as if inheriting the Earth was en- joying a va?t Fortune,or a great ?hare of tem- poral Enjoyments here, whereas the Comfort of this Life, as our Lord teacheth, Luke 12. 15. Confifteth not in the abundance of the things that we po??e?. The Phra?e ratherim- ports, That Meekne?s is the be?t way to procure us along and peaceableLife on Earth, P?al. 34. 12, 14. 1 Pet. 3. Io, and that the meek Per?on ?hall ordinarily have the mo?t ?ure enjoyment of the?e things as far as they are needful ; that he ?hall enjoy them with the greate?t Quiet and Tranquility, without that Strife, Debate, Anxiety, and Trouble, which imbitter the Enjoyment of of the?e things to others; and with the true?t Comfort, Satisfaction, and Contentedne?s of Mind. For, as Chry?o?tom well ob?erves up- on the place, becau?e the jems had been oft taught this Le??on in the Old Te?tament, our Saviour addre??es him?elf to them in the Lan- guage they had been accu?tomed to; this Son of David repeateth and confirmeth to them the Promi?e made by David. And this I judge to be the mo?t natural, and true?t Expo?ition of the?e Words. Obj. 3. Our Saviour promi?es to his Di?ci- ples and Followers, That for the Lo??es they ?hould ?u?tain here on his account, and for the ?ake of his Go?pel, they ?hould receive there an hundred fold, and ?it upon Thrones with him judging the Tribes of I?rael. The Words are the?e: And je?us ?aid unto them, Verily I ?ay unto you, that ye which have followed me in the Regeneration, when the Son of Man?hall ?it on the Throne of his Glory, ye al?o ?hall fit. upon twelve Thrones, judging the twelve Tribes. of I?rael, Matth. 19. 27, 28. The?e Thrones mu?t, in all Rea?on, be the ?ame with the Thrones mentioned Dan. 7. 9. Apoc. 20. 4. and therefore mark the ?ame time and ?tate. And ?eeing in tho?e places they plainly ?ignifie the Millennial State, or the Kingdom of Chri?t and his Saints, they mu?t here ?ignifie the ?ame in this Promi?e of our Saviour to his ?uffering Followers. And as to the word 7&- Aly?vdio: which is here tran?lated Regeneration, 'tis very well known that both the Greek Phi- lo?ophers and Greek Fathers u?e that word for the Renovation of the World, which is to be at, or before the Millennial ?tate. An?w. In An?wer to this Argument, I ?hall not take notice that what the Argument ?aith is promi?ed to Chri?t's Di?ciples and Followers in general, is indeed promi?ed only to his twelve Apo?tles, to them who had then lo?t all and followed him, Matth. 19. 17. to them who had continued with him in his Temptati- ons, Luke 22, 28. The Thrones here men- tioned therefore cannot be the Thrones ?po- ken of in Daniel, and the Revelations; for the?e Thrones are peculiar to the twelve Apo?iles: Tho?e in the Revelations are ?up- po?ed to belong to all that have a ?hare in the fir?t Re?urrection: the Apo?tles ?it upon the?e Thrones only to judge the twelve Tribes of I?rael; but they who fit on the Thrones then- tion'd in the Revelations, are to Rule over the IVations, and judge them, Rev. 2. 26, 27. 3.. 21. 5. Io. 20. 4. 6. But, 2dly. I grant the TxAly?vdi, or Regenera- tion here mentioned, may be referred to the Con?ummation of the World, and to thenev Heavens and Earth of which the Prophets ?peak, but then I add, this TXAly?v?z or new Birth, is only that of the Church of Chri?t, that &ot?tiang or new Life, that 36% & Vky Life from the dead, ?he ?hall receive when all I?rael ?hall be ?aved, and the Fulne?s of the Centiles ?hall flow in to them. For, 1?t. The Per?ons here to be judged are only the Twelve Tribes of I?rael, which makes it more than probable, that the whole Promi?e made to the Apo?tles re?pects theirCovernment over the?e Tribes,coming in at the Clo?e of the World after the Fall of Antichri?t; and that not by a Re?urre&ion of their Per?ons,but by a Revivi?cence of that Spirit which re?idedi. them,


the true M I L -- LENNIUM 27, them, and of that Purity and Knowledge which they delivered to the World, and chiefly by Admi??ion of their Go?pel to be the Standard of their Faith, and the Dire- &tion of their Lives. 2dly. It hath been ob?ervd already, that the Delivery of the jews from their former Cap- tivities and Mi?eries, is always repre?ented as a 320ttinct; a giving of Life, and a Re?urrei- on to the jews. And thus may tho?e words of St. John be primarily referr'd to them, viz: I ?aw Thrones, and they ?at upon them, and judgment mas given to them, Chap. 20. 4. though the?e things belong not to them on- ly, but in general to him that overcometh, Chap. 2, 26, 27. 3. 1. Seeing then their Return from their Captivity is in the ?tile of the Prophets u?ually repre?ented as a mix- Aly?vdia, a reviving, or new Life; Why may not the time of their mo?t glorious Con- ver?ion, and Collection from all the Corners of the Earth, be by our Saviour here repre- ?ented under that known Metaphor 2 And this Conver?ion of the jewi?h Nation being by me placed in St. john's Epocha, viz. after the De?truction of the Bea?t, and the Death and Slaughter of the Armies of them that fought for him, or wor?hipped his Image; and her converted Members being, in my Opinion, the very Bride of the Lamb, which had made her ?elf ready, and, after a long Divorce, was now married to God again ; I comply in this with all the Ancients Millennaries, and e?pe- cially with (b) ju?tin Martyr, when he ?aith, this awMy?vgo?z is the My?tery of the Rege- neration of all that expett je?us Chrift to appear at Jeru?alem, ?poken of by Haiah, Chap. 66. and that all Chri?tians entirely Orthodox ex- pec to ?pend a thou?and years in Jeru?alem, as the Prophet I?aiah hath foretold, ?aying, There ?hall be a new Heaven and new Earth. For as the?e things are ?poken by a Prophet of the jews, one ?ent to ?peak the?e things to them,- ?o is it beyond di?pute that they chiefly and immediately concern that Nation, and her zkyoyovic, new, Birth of a numerous Off- ?pring after a long Barrenne?s, Chap. 66, 7, 8, 9. and her Exaltation to an high E?tate of Excellence and Glory; and that ?o vi?ible to the Gentiles, that all Nations and Tongues ?hall ?ee her Glory. As for the following words, urged ?tifly by the ancient and ?ome latter Millennaries, viz. And every one that bath for?aken Hou?e, or Brethren, or Si?ter, or Father, or Mother, or Wife and Children, or Lands for my Name's ?ake, ?hall receive an hundred fold now in this time, Hou?es, and Brothers, and Si?ters, and A?others, and Children, and Lands; and in the World to come, eternal Life. It is, in my Opinion,” - - - 1?t. Very unrea?onable to interpret the?e words of Ble??ings to be conferr'd on Meri after the Re?urrection; for they that are thought worthy to be Sons of the Re?urreion, ?aith our Lord, neither marry, nor are given in marriage, Luke 20.35. Whence therefore ?hould they have the?e Mothers, and the?e Children,not to add Wives an hundred fold? They are made like to the Angels at the Re- ?urre&ion; and what ?hould ?uch Angelical Per?ons do with, what Advantage will they reap from an hundred Hou?es, or a like In- crea?e of Land, on Earth - If you reply, That the?e words of our Saviour relate not to the fir?t Re?urrection, of which this Text, which ?peaks of Wives and Children, is to be interpreted, but on- ly to the ?econd and general Re?urrection ; I An?wer, That the words are general. and therefore mu?t include all that are Sons of the Re?urreion. Moreover, by admitting this double Re?urrection, the fir?t in which they that are rai?ed mightmarry, or have Wives and Children, and the ?econd in which they could not, the Objection or Enquiry of the Sadducees is partly left unan?wered; for this Di?tintion doth ?uppo?e a Re?urre&ion, in which the ground of their Enquiry might take place. - - - 2dy. This wonderful Increa?e is promi?ed v at pre?ent, e, Tawe. Tta in this time of life, Mark Io. 30. Luke 18.28. in oppo?ition to what they ?hall receive in the Age to come. Now the Millennium is ?till placed by Dr. B. in the Age to come after the Conflagration of the World; this Promi?e therefore cannot refer to his Millennium, nor yet to any other which begins after the Re?urrection of the?e Per?ons, for that Time can with no propriety of Speech be ?aid to be nom, nor can the Ble?. ?ings then received be ?aid to be received in this Life. Moreover, the?e Ble??ings are to be received t 36 ?ww with Per?ecutions, it being the known Ob?ervation of Criticks and (c) Grammarians, that t with a Genitive Ca?e ?ignifies with, and denotes r ctty Koue; the ?ame time, and only with an Accu?ative Ca?e ?ignifies after, and denotes ee xgovo.V a fol- lowing time; ?o that the?e Per?ecutions mu?t be contemporary with the Enjoyment of the?e Ble?. fing?, whereas a general Peace, and (d) freedom from all Per?ecutions, is made a nece??ary Cha- racer of the Millennial State. La?tly, The?e words afford an Argument again?t the Dogrine of the Millennium, be- cau?e, according to them, the only Ble??ing to be receiv'd 2, Ta?civ Tafyy in the Age to (b) "O & J Haafs inexpyxiv. J wagvoy, voi, r v?elov. dair is 74%aw; Har, 3 &rac; adv- awy, t Yuss r ‘Ipsatzau Qayhousa weyadxartw. Dial. cum Tryph. p. 312, B. & P. 307. (c) Phavorinus. (d) Dr. B. p. 184.


sy, TATREA TTYET- to come is life everla?ting, which Ble??ing is confin'd to Heaven, and not to be enjoyed on Earth, our Hou?e eternal being in the Heavens, 2 Cor. 5. 1. and our Inheritance eternal re?er- ved in the Heavens for us ; and therefore they to whom the Promi?e is here made, are not in the World to come to live a thou?and years on Earth, or to enjoy the temporal Ble?lings promi?ed here, becau?e they are not to be enjoyed in the World to come, but now, in this pre?ent life, and becau?e the only Ble??ing promi?ed in the World to come is not to be enjoy'd on Earth, but is re?er- ved in the Heavens for us, 1 Pet, 1. 4. Obj. 4. St. Peter, in his. Sermon to the jews after our Saviour's A?cen?ion, tells them thathe will come again, and that there will be then a Re?titution of all things, ?uch as was promi?ed by the Prophets. The Hea. vens, faith fic, mu?t receive him till the time of Re?titution of all things which God hath ?poken by the Mouth of all his Prophets ?ince the World began, A&ts 3, 20, 21. . . An?w. I an?wer, that the?e words cannot be meantofa Re?titution of all things to their former ?tate; for ?ure’tis very improper to ?ay there will be a Re?titution of all things to their former ?tate, which God hathi ?poken by the Mouth of all bis holy Prophets; for ?ince the?e things relate to the Forerunner of our Lord, Chri?t's coming in the Fle?h, his Life, Death, Re?urretion, and A?cen?ion, the preaching of the Go?pel to the Gentiles, the Reign of Antichri?t, the Calling of the jews, and the coming in of the Fulne?s of the Gen. -- tiles, the?e things may very well be ?aid to be exhibited, performed, accompli?hed, and con?ummated; but I ?ee not with what pro- priety or truth they can be ?aid to be re?tored to their former States, or be renewed, and therefore &xe, Yegway & Txoto'sotag T- Ty is by the Syriack rendred until the fullne?; of the time of all things; by the Arabick, till the time in which all things ?hall be perfe?ied, or fini?hed; by (e) Tertullian, Adu?que tempra exhibitionis omnium; by (f) Ireneus, U??ue ad tempus di?po?itionis omnium, i. e. till the time of the exhibition, or di?po?al of all things; by Oecumenius, till the time that all things do g Tregs &ASv come to an end; and for the con- firmation of this import of the word, we have the Suffrage of He?ychius and Phavorinus, that &Tx&T&ng is the?ng the con?umma- tion of a thing. Hence then I argue thus a- gain?t this Doctrine. Since Chri?t is to con- tinue in Heaven till the Completion, or Con- ?ummation of all things ?poken by the holy Prophets, if the Millennium were any of them, Chri?t mu?t continue in Heaven till the Con- ?ummation of that al?o, and therefore is not to come down fromHeaven to reign on Earth till the Millennium be ended; nor can that be contemporary with our Lord's ?econd coming, which is from Heavem. The Arguments produced in favour of this Millennium from Rom, 8, 19, 20, 21. from 2 The??. 2. 1... from Heb. 1.6, and 2.5. and from 2 Pet. 3. 8.—12. are ?ufficiently an?wered in the Notes upon tho?e places. * , , , - =-|-- - - (e) De Re?ur. can C. 23- * . . . . (f) B. i: ; c. 11. - . - * * ‘. . . . . i ;


The n MTL LETNNTU M. ------- 273 3. C. H. A. P. IV. * - This chapter contains Aguments again? the literal Re?urreion, and the Reign of Martyrs upon Earth a thou?and years. Fir?t, From the Incon?i?tency of it with the happy State of Souls departed, S. I. Secondly, From the accurate De?cription of the Re?urreion in the Holy Scrip- ture, without any mention of a fir?t and ?econd Re?urreion, and with ?uch De?criptions of the Qualities of the Bodies rai?ed, the efficient Cau?e, of the Time, Circum?tances, and Con- /equents of it, which ?uit not with the Doarine of the Millennium, S. II. Thirdly, From the Incon?i?tency of it with the Genius of the Chri?tian Faith, and the Nature of the Go?pel Promi?es, S. III. Aving thus ?hewed, That Scripture and Antiquity afford no ?ure Foun- dation for this ?uppo?ed Re?ur- , retion of the Saints and Martyrs to reign with Chri?t on Earth a thou?and years; I proceed now to ?hew the Incon?i?tence of this Doctrine, with many things delivered in the Holy Scripture. And, S. I. Fir?t, This Doctrine ?eems not well con?i?tent with the happy State of Souls de- rted, recorded in the Sacred Writings; or can it rationally be ?uppo?ed, That tho?e Spirits of ju?t Men made perfe, which are now with Chri?t, Heb. 12. 23. and, being ab?ent from the Body, are pre?ent with the Lord, 2 Cor. 5. 8. Phil. i. 23. ?hould leave tho?e ble??ed Man?ions, or quit that happy State, *:: on Earth again a thou?and years? hat they who are already entred into Reft, Luke 23.43. and who enjoy all the Delights and Satisfactions which Paradi?e it ?elf af- fords, ?hould quit that Station to enjoy Peace and Plenty upon Earth? Can they expe&t to be more righteous and holy, or to have more divine and heavenly Speculations, or better Company, or a more full Fruition of their Lord on Earth, than they enjoy’d in Paradi?e? If not, who can imagine, That God ?hould thus degrade them after ?o long enjoyment of tho?e happy Regions, or that they ?hould voluntarily quit tho?eMan?ions for any Tem- poral Enjoyments of the Body, any Meat or Drink, or Earthly Plea?ures, which they had formerly deny'd them?elves, and were even dead to whil?t they lived here; or for any Temporary Conver?e upon that Earth in which they only lived as Pilgrims and Stran- gers, ?till looking for a better Country, that is an beavenly 2 Heb. 1 1, 13, 16. And if this Change ?eems not con?i?tent with the State of happy Souls in general, much le?s will it comport with tho?e e?pecial Privileges and high Prerogatives ?uppo?ed, by ?ome Fathers, to belong unto the Souls of A?artyrs, viz. that they do in?tantly receive their Crowns, and are admitted to a fuller Vi?ion, and a more intimate Enjoyment of the God of Heaven ; for the higher their Advancement is, the greater mu?t their Degradation be,when they return again to live on Earth. So that this Doctrine ?eems lea?t of all con?i?tent with the State of tho?e Chri?tian Sufferers, who are ?uppo?ed to be the very Per?ons for whomit chiefly was de?ign'd, and to whom it is chief- ly promi?ed. 2dly. Let us compare the Re?urreion mentioned by the Holy Scripture, with that ?uppo?ed by the Millennaries, and we ?hall ea- ?ily di?cern, That no Man rea?onably can de- ?ire to enjoy the latter, who can be made partaker of the former. They who believe the Re?urrection promi- ?ed in Scripture, expect our Lord from Heaven to change their vile Bodies into the likene?s of Chri?t’s glorious Body, Philip. 3. 21. The AMillennaries expect him to change, or to re- ?tore them into ?uch Bodies as ?hall be ?till mortal, corruptible Bodies; for el?e, what need of Meat and Drink, what Plea?ure can they reap from their Plenty? The fir?t ex- pect, this corruptible ?hould then put on In- corruption, this mortal put on Immortality, 1. Cor. 15. 53. The ?econd, that it ?hould do this only after a thou?and years; for they ?uppo?e, [B. 4. c. 9. p. 206. That Nature may be weak, and they may be de?irous to be di??olved in the Millennial State. The fir?t expecr, That their di?honourable Bodies ?hould be rai?ed in Glory, ver. 43. The ?econd, That they be fir?t rai?ed with their di?honourable Parts. The fir?t, That the Body ?hould be rai?ed a Spiritual and a Carle?ial Body, bearing the Image of the heavenly Adam, v. 44, 48. The ?econd, That it be fir?t rai?ed an Earthly Bo- dy, bearing the Image of the Earthly Adam. And Oh! How inglorious, how de?picable is the Re?urrection which the?e Men expe, compared with the Re?urrection promi?ed in the Holy Scripture ? How much more happy would the Saints and Martyrs be, could they M in immediately


274 7 TREATISE f immediately enjoy theScriptureRe?urrection, than by enjoying that which the Millennaries have allotted to them? “And why ?hould * any one conceive they ?hould not do it? * Is it becau?e there is a nece??ity they ?hould * fir?t live on Earth a thou?and years, (a) to * prepare them for Heaven,and eternal Glo- ‘ry; Utpaulatim a?lue?tant captre Deum, as * Irenus ?ays, (b) That they may by degrees * inlarge their Capacities, fit and accu?tom them- * ?lves to receive God; or, as he ?ays in ano- * ther place, That they may become capable of * the Glry of the Father, that is, capable of * bearing the Glory and Pre?ence of God? Sure this is not for the Credit of the Martyrs, That they ?hould not be fit or capable to re- ceive God, and enjoy the Glory of the Fa- ther, without imploying their Contempla- tions and Devotions upon Earth a thou?and years, when the?e holy Per?ons who ri?e not till the general Re?urrection ?hall from that time be for ever mith the Lord, 1 The??. 4, 17. and be immediately, partakers of the Beati- fick Vi?ion. Moreover, What is it that mu?t be thus fitted, and capacitated by Contem- plation to receive God, and to enjoy this Ble??ed Vi?ion ? Is it not the Soul ? And can ?he not as well contemplate him under the Altar, or the Throne, or whil?t ?he doth abide in Paradi?e PIs coming down from tho?e Coe- le?tial Regins to this dull Earth, the way to elevate the Soul to Heaven? Will putting on a corruptible Body, a Body needing plenty of earthly things, and finding plea?ure in them, be the way to quicken and invigorate her Heavenly Flights and A?pirations? Or, is there no true (c) Friend?hip, no ingenu- ous Conver?ation to be had in Paradi?e, that the Soul mu?t de?cend to Earth to enjoy it? or, is it nece??ary, as (d) Trtullian, and (e) others argue, by way of retribution, That the Body which hath ?uffered, may be re- warded in like kind; i. e. that it may be now gratified with bodily Delights, the Plea?ures of the Throat and Palate, fine Cloaths, and innocent Diver?ions here on Earth? As if a change of this vile Body into the likene?s of Chri?t's gorious Body, were not a better, and far more glorious Reward, of all its Sufferings. Arg. 2. S. II. A ?econd Argument again?t this joctrine, of a proper Re?urrection to reign with Chrift a thou?and years on Earth, is taken from the accurate De?cription of the Re?urrection contained in the Holy Scripture. For - Fir?t, in all the De?criptions the Holy Gho?t ?o largely gives us of the Re?urrection, and the future Judgment in the Evangelifts, and the Epi?tles, there is no mention of a fir?t and ?econd Re?urre&tion, or of any Pre- rogative of ?ome Saints above others init, or of any Precedence of any before others, as to the Re?urre&ion of their Bodies, which might have rea?onably been ex- pected, had this Doctrine been then re- ceived, in ?ome of tho?e places where the thing is ?o largely and critically di?cour?ed on, as to inform us twice, That the Order of the Re?urrection ?hall be this, That the Dead in Chri?t ?hall ri?e fir?t, I The??. 4. 16,17. and then, We that are alive ?hall be changed, and that Chri?t is rai?ed as the fir?t Fruits, and that afterwards they that are Chri?' s ?hall be rai?ed at his coming: Here I confe?s, is mention made of an Order in the Re?ur- rection; for it is ?aid, In Chri?t ?hall all be made alive, every Man in his own Order, 1 Cor. 15. 23. but then the Order is ex- pre??ed thus, Chri?t the fir?t Fruits, afterwards they that are Chri?t's. Whereas, according to the Millennial Hypothe?is, the Words ?hould rather have run thus, Chri?t the fir?t Fruits, then the Martyrs, and a thou- ?and years after, the re?idue of the ju?; In the Epi?tle to the The??alonians al?o, there is no Order of the Re?urre&ion of the Dead mentioned, but of them altogether; and without di?tintion it is ?aid, Them that ?leep in Chri?t, will God bring with him, and the Dead in Chri?t ?hall. ri?e fir?t. - - In An?wer to this Argument, we have been told, That (f) as the Scripture ?peaks f the Re?urreion in Gro?s, without di?tingui?hin fir?t and ?econd, ?o it ?peaks of the coming } our Saviour, without di?tincion of fir?t and ?- cond. But this is a great over?ight; for the Scripture gives expre?s notice of Chri?t's com- ingw d'Arrigs, a ?econd time, for the Salva: tion of his Servants, Heb. 9. 20, and of his coming again, to receive them into tho?e Man?ions he is gone to pre- pare for them, job, 14. 3. There being therefore equal rea?on to expect a like Di?tinction betwixt the fir?t and ?econd Re?urre&ion, properly ?o called, the cod- ?tant Silence of the Scriptures as to that mat- ter, is no ?mall prejudice again?t that Hy; pothe?is, which doth ?uppo?e a fir?t and ?econd Re?urrection. 2dly. The Scripture in tho?e places con- taineth many things which ?eem mo?t plain- ly incon?i?tent with that Doctrine; for either in tho?e places the Scripture ?peaketh only f the ?econd Re?urrection exclu?ively of #: ? (a) Dr. Burnet. B. 4:... c. 9. (b) L. 5. c. 32. (c) Dr. Burnet, p. 223. (d) in qua enim conditione laboraverunt, five affiti ?unt omnibusmodis, probati per ?ufferentiam, ju?tum t in p?, recipere eos fructus ?ufferentiae. Iren. l. 5. 32. (e) In compen?ationem corum quie in ?ecula vel de?pexinus, vel ani?mus; figuidem & ju?tum, & Des dignum, illic exaltare famulos ejus ubi ?unt afflicti in nomine ip?ius. Tertull, adv. Marcion. I. 3. c. 13, p. 4t, (f) Dr. Burnet. B. 4. c. to. p. 217.


th. true M il L --- 2- ENNIUM. T.7; fir?t, and then it is not true which Mr. Mead a??erts, That the Day of judgment, and the time of the Re?urre?tion, includes both the Mil- lennium and the General Re?urrection ; or, that the Scripture ?peaks of the Re?urreion in the Groff, without diffingui?hing betwixt the fir?t and ?econd; for, if it ?peaks only of the ?econd exclu?ively of the fir?t, it mu?t ?peak of it di?tintly from the fir?t, or it mu?t in tho?e places intend to ?peak of both conjuntly and without di?tinction, and then what is ?aid in them mu?t be applicable to them both without di?tintion. : , Again, the Scripture in tho?e places ?peak- eth many things: Fir?t, As to the Nature of the Re?urreion, and the Qualities of the Bodies rai?ed. 2dly. As to the efficient Cau?e of the Re?urrection, our Lord je?us. 3dly. As to the time of the Re?urrection, 4thly. As to the Circum?tances, and the im- mediate Con?equences of that Re?urrection; which are by no means applicable to the fir?t, and the particular Re?urrection ?uppo?ed by the Millennaries, but only to the general Re- ?urretion, which all Chri?tians own. And, Fir?t, That which the Scripture faith of the Nature and the Qualifications of the Bo- dies rai?ed, is this, That they ?hall be rai?ed Glorious, Spiritual, Immortal and Incorruptible Bodies; for then this Corruptible mu?t put on Incorruption, and this Mortal mu?t put on Im- mortality, I Cor. 15. 52,49. then ?hall webear the Image of the heavenly Adam, or of that Lord from Heaven who ?hall change our vilt Bodies into the likene?s of his glorious Body, Phil. 3.21. then ?hall we be cloathed upon with our Hou?e from Heaven, and Death ?hall be ?wal- "lowed up in Vittory, 2 Cor. 5. 1, 4. Now, can a Body rai?ed in Glory, i. e. in Clarity and in Splendor, ?hining like the Sun, and made like to Chri?t's glorious Body, and like un- to the Angeli, as they ?hall be, ?aith Chri?t, who are; thought morthy of the Re?urreion, have any need of all the Plenty which Dr. Bur- methath prepared for it on Earth? Can it feed upon,or reli?h any of theBanquets which God, faith Irenaus, and all the Ancient Millennaries, hath prepared for it 2 Can a Body rai?ed in Power; i. e., free from all Remitency, all Pain and La?litude, continue ?till, as Dr. Bur- net [B. 4. c. 9. p. 206.] makes the Bodies of his rai?ed Millennaries to do, under ?uch Weakne?s of Nature as will not ?uffer them to , continue long under ?trong Pa??ions,or inten?ene?s of Mind? Can a Spiritual Body, free from Gro?ne?s and Pondero?ity, from needing Re?t, Sleep, Cloathing, Su?tenance, receive advantage from that univer?al Plenty, [Chap. 7: p. 184, p. 186.] or need tho?e Goods of Fortune, that external Felicity, that Temporal Happine?s he hath provided for it upon Earth? Can the?e Men rai?ed with Immortal and Incorruptible Bodies, which have already ?wallowed up Death in Wiciory, wi?h to be di??olved, as he ?aith they will? [p,206.] Can the Devil, when loo?ed, be ?o fooli?h, as to ?ummon up his Armies to fight again?t, and kill them who are Im- mortal, and can die no more? Can Gog and Magog, with all their numerous Ho?t, hope to prevail again?t them, or even dare to a?- ?ault ?uch ?hining radiant Bodies as they then will have? In a word, Can ?uch Bo- dies need; or receive any farther Exaltation to fit them for Heaven, or for their Ele- vation into the Clouds, to be for ever with the Lord 2 If not, why ?hould they live a thou?and years on Earth after God hath thus fitted and prepared them for their Habitation in the highe?t Heavens 2 I therefore do imagine, That when the Patrons of this Mil- lennialRe?urre&ion find them?elves thus pre?. ?ed, they will a??ign to their new rai?ed In- habitants of the Earth, a Body capable of enjoying the good things on Earth, and ta- king plea?ure in tho?e Goods of Fortune they have there provided for them, and leave their Bodies to be changed after the Millen- nium, into the likene?s of Chri?t’s glorious Body, and to ?uffer then another change into Caele- ?tial and Spiritual Bodies, tho’ not another Re- ?urrection; and it ?eems nece??ary for them to admit of the forementioned Ab?urdities,or to admit of this Hypothe?is; for when the A- po?tle, ?aith, The Dead ?hall be rai?ed incorrupti- ble, and we ?hall be changed, their new rai?ed Inhabitants mu?t belong to the Dead, and ?o be rai?ed incorruptible, and ?o incapable of tho?e earthly Goods they mention, as their Reward on Earth; or to the Living, and then they mu?t be changed. “And yet this ?hift is plainly contrary to the Account St. Paul hath givenus of the Re?urre&ion of the Bo- dy; for he expre?ly faith, That when this corruptible, weak; di?honourable, earthy Body ?hall be rai?ed, it ?hall be rai?ed in In- corruption, Glory, Power, and be a Spiritual Bo- dy: That to the Natural ?ucceeds the Spiritual Body, to the Earthy the Heavenly Body, I Cor. 15.4.3, 44. To the Body bearing the Image of the Earthly, the Body bearing the Image of the Heavenly Adam : Whereas this ?hift mu?t infer a Body rai?ed notin Glory, or in Incorruption, not a Spiritual and an Hea- venly Body, and ?o mu?t make the?e Mar- tyrs twice bear the Image of the Earthy 4- dam, or at lea?t at their Re?urrection not to bear the Image of the Heavenly. Again, They who are then alive, and ?hall be changed, ?aith the Apo?tle, ar only tho?e who never ?lept in the Grave, v. 51, 52. Now this cannot be true of Martyrs rai?ed from the Dead, and ?o the change here mentioned cannot belong to then. M m 2 2dly. This


276 7 TREATIVET. -- 2.dly. This Doctrine ?eems incon?i?tent with what the Scripture Bio?t plainly hath deliver- ed concerning our Lord je?us, the efficient Cau?e, as well as the Exemplar, of the Re- ?urretion of tho?e that are Chri?t's; for he that is, the Author of this Re?urrection, is 6 Kez- 3% Ke, the Lord coming dom front Heaven, to effect it, I Cor. 15, 47. our Lord de?cending down &c, 899.73, from the Heavens ; 1 The??. 4. 16. the time when God ?hall give to tho?e that have been per?ecuted and afflicted, Re?t with the Apo?iles, who ?ure will have a ?hare in the fir?t Re?urrection, is the time of the Revelation f our Lord je?us Chri?t from Heaven, 2. The??. 1. 7. The time of this Afillennium, ?ay the Patrons of it, is the time of the Reftitution of all things. Now at that time, faith the Apo?tle Peter, our-je?us is to be ?ent down from the Hea- vens, Ats 3. 20, 21. they being only to contain him till that time. And one would think that if the Saints mu?t reign with Chri?t on Earth a thou?and years, he mu?t be with them on the Earth; but this the Patrons of the AMillennium will by no means own, but look upon it as a great Ab?urdity. For, that Chri?t ?hould leave the right band of bii Father, to come and pa?t a thou?and years here below, living upon Earth in an Heaven- ly Body; this I confe?s, faith Dr. Burnet, (g) is a thing I never could dige?t. And (b) I dare not imagine, ?aith Mr. Mead, of this. Pre?ence of Chri?t in his Kingdom, that it ?hould be a vi?ible Conver?e upon : Earth ; for the Kingdom of Chri?t ever hath; and ?hall be Regnum Coelorum, a Kingdom who?e Trck? and Kingly Re?idence is in Heaven. Here then the Scripture-Account of the Re?urre&ion, that it ?hall be effected by the Lord Je?us coming down from Heaven, and the Millennium of the Ancients, is at oace rejected; For; as (i) Laantius ?aith, the Son of God ?hall come, aud be conver- fant among Men, a thou?and years, and rule them with a righteous Empire: he ?hall reign with them upon Earth ; So was this the a- vowed Doctrine of all the Ancient Millen- naries; for they not only did a??ert his Reign on Earth, but a??igned jeru?alem as the peculiar place of his. Re?idence whil?t he reigned upon it. . . . . 3dly. This Doctrine is ?till more evidently repugnant to the time a??igned for the Re?ur- * * - (g) B.4 c. e. p. 1, 17. (f) Mr. Mead on ?ome Pa??ages of the Revelations, p. 603. .. : rection of the Ju?t 3 for they are to be rai- ?ed, ?aith the Apo?tle, in a moment, in the twinkling of an Eye, at the la?t Trump, I Cor." 15, 52., for the Trumpet ?hall ?ound, and, (then), the dead ?hall be rai?ed incorruptible, and we that are alive, and have not ?lept, fhall be changed. For the Lord him?elf ?haft de?cend, from Heaven mith a ?hout, and with the Voice of the Archangel, and with the Trump; of God, and the dead in Chri?t ?hall ri?e fir?t. Here we are taught that the dead, in Chri?t, and ?o the A?artyrs, ?hall not be rai?ed till our Lord's De?cent from Heaven, that then they ?hall be rai?ed in a moment; in the twinkling of an Eye; that, immediately upon their being rai?ed, they that are them. alive ?hall be changed. (k) St. ferom there- fore ?aid, with good ground, that the Apo?tle by the?e words, eunram primae & ?ecunda: Re?urrectionis excludit fabulam, de?troys the Fable of the fir?t and ?econd Re?urreion, by a??erting that the Re?urrection of all that are dead in Chri?t, and ?leep in him, ?hall be performed in a moment, and in the twink- ling of an Eye, at the ?ounding of the la?t Trump, and at the Shout, or Voice, of the la?t Angel: . Which leaves no room for a whole thou?and years betwixt, the fir?t and ?econd Re?urrection, unle?s the Angel ?hould be ?uppo?ed to ?hout, or the Trump ?ound; a. thou?and years. The bour cometh, ?aith Our Lord, john 5, 28. when all that are in the Tombs ?hall hear my Poice, and ?hall come forth. And ?ure that mu?t be a long hour which la?teth a full thou?and years. Again, there ?hall be Pious Per?ons living and un- changed, when all the Pious that were dead are rai?ed; for the dead in Chri?t ?hall ri?e." fir?t, then we that are alive ?hall be changed, 1. The??. 4. 16, 17. we that have not yet ?lept, ?aith the Apo?tle. Place now the A fillennium after the Conflagration of the World, and all things in it, and where will you find the?e Pious Men, alive, or how will you pre?erve them from tho?e flames? (1) Dr. Burnet finds a great Difficulty, not common to all, as he imagines, but pecu- liar to his own Invention, of a Millennium after the Conflagration of the pre?ent Earth; viz. How Gog and Magog ?hould get into: this new Earth, the wicked being all con?- medin tho?e Flames. He is not hardy enough: to ?ay, that this is the Poetick Tale of the s Giants, *, *, * * * \- ~ :) . . .” - . . .” . . ; - * * * * * * (i) Filius hominis veniet, & mille annis inter homines ver?abitur, eo?que ju?tiflino imperio reget, 1.7. c. 24. Interra cum his ip?e regnabit, Epit. c. 1 1. p. 753. De Millennariis in genere tradit Hieronymus, quod po?t Re?ur-, rectioneinaiuntin carne Dominim cum Sn'til Regnturum. In voce Papia, Sancto cum chri?to in terra Reg. n..turos docuit Nepot. Gennad. c. 55. Eu?eb. Eccl. Hi?t, l. 7, c. 21. (k) Ep. To. 3. F. 66. A. --- (!) B. 4, c. 10. p. 213, 219. ... . . . . . . " *


T. rue MISL LENN IITM, 777 Giants, though he ?aith (p. 219.) it hath ?ame Apo?ile ?aith, this f ?ay, Brethren, that fle?h great affinity with it. And therefore he and blood ?hall not inherit the Kingdom of God, produces the?e Men, according to the Phi- neither?hall Corruption inherit Incorruption,1 Cor. lo?ophy of Lucretius and Mr. Hobbs, (p. 220.) I S. 23. and thence concludes that the dead - * from the ?lime of the Earth, and the heat of the ?hall be rai?ed incorruptible, and we ?hall be Sun, as Brute Creatures were at fir?t : But whence come the?e Pious Men that have not yet ?lept, into this new Earth, is afre?h Dif- ficulty; and to this the Door hath yet no- thing to ?ay, for he either thought not of them, or was unwilling to take up with the Fabbinical Notion that they had Eagles wings given them to mount up into the Air whil?t the Earth was on fire. A 4tbly.This Doctrime ?eems incon?i?tent with many Circum?tances of the Re?urretion men- tioned in the Holy Scripture; for that ?peaks con?tantly of the Re?urre&tion of all Saints, as of a Re?urrection not to a temporal Life on Earth, but to an eternal in the Heavens. They ?hall come forth out of their Tombs to the Re?urreion of Life, John 5. 28. He that fe- eth and believerb immer. He that eateth my fle?h bath eternal Life, and I will rai?e him up at the la?t day, Chap. 6, 54. That teaches us that when Chri?tcomes again, they ?hall be received into the Heavenly Manfians prepa- red for them, job. 14.2, 3.17. 24. and ?hall be with him where be now is ; that when Chri?t, who is their Life, ?hall appear, they ?hall, appear with him in Glory, Col. 3. 14. that when he dotb ap- fear, they ?hall be like him, and ?ee him as he w.o. Whereas according to the Hypothe?is of the Millennaries, when Chri?t appears, and when he comes again, they who have been his choice?t and mo?t faithful Servants, ?hall not immediately be rai?ed to eternal life;but fir?t to that Life which is but temporal; they ?hall not be received into Heavenly, but into Earthly Man?ions; they ?hall not be glorified with him, appear with him in Glory, be like him in his Glory, or ?ee him as he is, till they have ?pent a thou?and yearson. Earth to fit them for tho?e ble??ed Man?ions, and to prepare them for this Beatifick Vi?ion.” Moreover, it is ?aid of all the Deadin Chri?t, of all that ?lept in je?us, that they ?hall be rai?ed fir?t,and that then immediately we that are alive ?hall be ?natched up with them in, Clouds to meet the Lord in the Air, and then me ?hall be for ever with the Lord. Now if this be ?o, ?urely we caumot afterwards expett to live on Earth a thou?and years; For as (m). Ny??n puts the Que?tion, nižic.83& lng; xcito, 3% f a wetziea-3; or xristy & , ! what need is there that they ?huld live blow?on'? Earth, who hope thus to live in Heijven, and to be ever with the Lord 2 e?pecially ?inge the?e words plainly ?eem to ?peak not of a tempo- changed; does be not ?ufficiently in?inuate that we ?hall be rai?ed not to enjoy an Earthly but an Heavenly Kingdom; and that our rai?ed Bodies being glorified, ?hall not con?i?t: 6f Fle?h and Blood? And what then will they do with all that plenty, and that great afflu- ence of the Goods of Fortune which the Millen- maries do ?o highly value? In a word,thecomi- fort which the Apo?tle gives the (n) Thefflo- nians concerning their departed Friends who had ?uffered much Affliction,Per?ecution, Tri- bulation, and doubtle?s many of them Death, for Chri?t’s ?ake, is only this, that they who remained alive ?hould not prevent them in the enjoyment of the Happine?s promi?ed to the Body, but the dead in Chrift ?hould ri?e fir?t, and then the living ?hould be changed; not this, that the?e Sufferers for the ?ake of Chri?t ?hould ri?e a thou?and years before the re?t to Reign with Chri?t on Earth; which yet is by the Millennaries deemed great matter of their Con?olation, and ?o was very proper to have been mentioned there, had it been any Article of Chri?tian Faith. t , Arg, 3, 3; 3dly. This Reign of Chri- ?tians upon Earth agrees fiot with the genius of Chri?tian Faith, or with the nature of Chri?tian Promi?es, or with that frame and temper of Spirit it requires from the Pro- fe??ors of Chri?tianity. For, ~ y . . 1?t.TheChri?tian is repre?ented as one who is entirely dead to the World, and to the things of the World; one who is not to love it, or the things ofit, who is to u?eitas if he u?ed it not, as one who?e Conver?ationis in Hea. ven, Phil. 3. 19, and it is made the Character of one who is an Enemy to the Cro?s of Chri?t, that he minds earthly things; whereas if this be a true Go?pel-promi?e made to Chri?tians for their Con?olation and Encouragement un- der the troubles of this pre?ent World, that they ?hall after this Life ended, live again on Earth a Life of Indolence, and Peace, and Plenty in the Enjoyment of the Goods of for. tune: If this be one great part of the Reward which God hath promi?ed to tho?e that ?uffer for his Name, ?ure it becomes them to have their Mitids and their Affections ?et upon it, to live it expectation of it, and to de?ire to enjoy the?e Goods of Fortue, this Peace and Plenty upon Earth ; and it would rather be the Charašter of tho?e who bear the Cro?s in pro?pect of the?e Ble??ings t mind earthly things. That, faith St. Paul, which makes the ral, but an eternal Life with Chri?t, not by ?ufferings of this pre?ent Wrld ?o light unto enjoyment of him upon Earth, but by Tran- us, is this con?ideration, That we look not at flation from it to Heaven? Again when the the things which are ?een, but which are not - - - - " * - - - (m) Caten. in Mat 3. p 19. - ?een, — *—a *_i~ *-* {n} t The fl 1. 6. 2. 14, 13. 3. 3. 2. The??. 1. 4, 5, 6, 7.


*- A TREATI S ET- 278 ?een, not at things Temporal but Eternal 2 Cor. 4 17, 18. even at an hou?e not made with hands eternal in the Heavens, Chap. 5. 1. Whereas if this be one of the great and precious Pro- mi?es contained in the Go?pel, and made for the encouragement of Chri?tians to ?uffer for Chri?t's ?ake, they mu?t then look not only at things Eternal, but things Temporal, or for a temporal Hou?e on Earth, as well as one eternal in the Heavens, for their ?uppo?ed Reign on Earth will be but temporal. Again, the Exhortation of our Lord in his admirable Sermon on the Mount runs thus, Lay not up for your ?elves trea?ures upon Earth, but lay up trea?ures in the Heaven, for where your trea?ure is, there will your hearts be al?o, Mat. 6. 19, 20, 21. And again, provide your ?elves bags that wax not old, a trea?ure in the Heavens that faileth not, Luke 12, 33, 34. St.Paulexhorts all that are ri?en with Chri?t, to ?et their hearts,and their affedions not on things on the Earth, but on things above, where Chri?t ?itteth at the right hand of God, Col. 3. 1, 2, 3. and that becau?e they are Dead with Chri?t unto the?e worldly things, and their Life is hid with Chri?t in God; ?o that when Chri?t, who is their Life, ?hall appear, they ?hall appear with him in Glory. And yet, if our Lord Chri?t in that very Sermon, as the A4il- lcanaries ?uppo?e, encouraged them to ?uffer with Patience and Meekne?s upon this Con?i- deration that they ?hould inherit the Earth, and had pronounced, them ble??ed upon this, ac- count, ?urely they might have ?uffered upon this very pro?pe&t of laying up for them?elves Trea?ures upon Earth in this Millennium, and might have had their Hearts and Affections placed upon them; for wherefore are they bid to lay up Trea?ures in the Heaven, and to ?et their Affections, on things above, but becau?e the?e are the Ble?lings promi?ed as the Reward of Chri?tian Piety and Patience: If then the?e Ble??ings to be enjoyed onEarthaf- ter the Re?urrection be one great part of the Reward which God hath promi?ed to the Pie- ry and Patience of the Chri?lian, what rea?on can be given why he ?hould not ?eek, and ?et his Heart upon them al?o 2 If it be ?o great a Privilege to have a part in the fir?t Re?ur- rection, to enjoy this Indolency, Peace, and Plenty upon Earth,that the Apo?tle ?tiles them ble??ed who have a part in it, ?hould they not ?eek, and ?et their Hearts upon that very- thing in which their Happine?s con?i?ts? And yet the comfort which our Lord, and his Apo- ?iles do afford the?e Chri?tian ?ufferers is only this, that great is their reward in Heaven, Mat. 5. 12, Luke 6, 23. that when they are tried they ?hall receive a Crown of Glory, Jam. 1. 12. and that they have in Heaven a better, and * . . . . . . - - - - ------ - * - - ...?o). Fu a sewic i_*ia, whlas # 24Awkins wrangans, orcu, - - - - - - - - re t f - - * - - - - -* - - - - - - - * 7/1076 enduring ju?an, Heb to 34. which as it placeth the Reward and Comfort of Chri?t's ?uffering Members not on Earth, but in the Heavens, and ?o gives us ju?t rea?on to conclude our Lord, and his Apo?iles knew nothing of this Reign on Earth, or thought it no great matter of their Con?ola- tion, ?o did it give occa?ion to the Ancients to conclude thus (0) If the Inheritance of Martyrs be in Heaven, their reign on Earth can be no better than a Fable. . . . . . . . . . . .'; Moreover, it is evident that all the ancient Patrons of the Millennium held that Abraham, I?aac, and jacob, and all the Patriarchs afla Prophets were to be Sharers with the chrifti- ans in this Reign on Earth, and that then would the promi?ed Canaan be made good to them ; "Whereas the Apo?tle plainly tells us, that they expected no Reward on Earth, nor did they mind that Canaan where they dwelt, but only waited for an heavenly Country; They confe??ed, faith the Apo?tle, that they were Strangers andPilgrims upon Earth, that they were not mindful of that Country whence they came out, but ?ought a better Coun- try, that is, an Heavenly, Heb. 1 1. 13, 16. ?ince then the?e holy Patriarchs, and choice Friends of God, not only ?ought not after, but even di?dained any Inheritance on Earth, ?eeing the only Country they did exped and look for, was an heavenly Country; ?eeing this only was the Inheritance God, as their God, provided for them, and therefore that only which they were to enjoy at their Re?urretion, when they compleatly were to be made, and treated as the 'Sons of God. Surely in vain mu?t Chri?tians hope for any Reign on Earth with them, who profe??ing them?elves Pilgrims and Strangers in it, de- clared they were not mindful of ?uch an Ha- bitation in the Land of Canaan, and who are at the Re?urrection to be made like the 4ngels, and (to enjoy not any earthly, but that heavenly Country which God hath graci- ou?ly prepared for them. - - In a word, to foretel Times of Peace and Plenty to ?ucceeding Ages, to rai?e the ex- pectation of a People who?e Backs are bowed down, and have been long enslaved and afflicted, is very suitable to this Divine Economy; but, to promise Plenty, and the Goods of Fortune as the Reward of Christian Piety and Patience, and let them know that if they suffer for the ?ake of Christ, be will be sure to raise them up to plentiful enjoyments of the Goods of Fortune, this is too mean, too much beneath the sublime Spirit of Christianity, to be one of her great and precious Promises.